Blood Pressure Buy Lisinopril At, Terolinal

Blood Pressure

Lisinopril (Terolinal)

Lisinopril is used for treating high blood pressure alone or with other medicines. It is used along with other medicines to manage heart failure or improve survival after a heart attack. Lisinopril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It works by relaxing blood vessels. This helps to lower blood pressure.

Use Lisinopril as directed by your doctor.

Take Lisinopril by mouth with or without food.

If you miss a dose of Lisinopril, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Lisinopril.

Store Lisinopril at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Do not freeze. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Lisinopril out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Do NOT use Lisinopril if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Lisinopril

you have a history of angioedema (swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, throat, or tongue; difficulty swallowing or breathing; or hoarseness), including angioedema caused by treatment with an ACE inhibitor

you are in your second or third trimester of pregnancy

the patient is a child with severe kidney problems.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Lisinopril. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you are able to become pregnant

if you have a history of heart problems (eg, heart failure, aortic stenosis), blood vessel problems, blood flow problems, bone marrow problems, kidney problems, or diabetes

if you have a history of stroke, recent heart attack, or kidney transplant

if you have an autoimmune disease (eg, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma)

if you are dehydrated or have low blood volume

if you have high blood potassium levels, low blood sodium levels, or are on a low salt (sodium) diet

if you are on dialysis or are scheduled to have major surgery.

Some medicines may interact with Lisinopril. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because the risk of low blood pressure may be increased

Aldosterone blockers (eg, eplerenone), potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, spironolactone, triamterene), or potassium supplements because the risk of high blood potassium levels may be increased

Insulin, sulfonylureas (eg, glipizide), or other oral diabetes medicines (eg, metformin) because the risk of low blood sugar may be increased

Gold-containing medicines (eg, auranofin) because flushing, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure may occur

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen, indomethacin, celecoxib) or salicylates (eg, aspirin) because they may decrease Lisinopril's effectiveness

Lithium or thiopurines (eg, azathioprine) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Lisinopril.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Lisinopril may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Lisinopril may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Lisinopril with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Lisinopril may cause a serious side effect called angioedema. Contact your doctor at once if you develop swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, throat, or tongue; difficulty swallowing or breathing; or hoarseness.

Lisinopril may not work as well in black patients. They may also be at greater risk of side effects. Contact your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse.

Dehydration, excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea may increase the risk of low blood pressure. Contact your health care provider at once if any of these occur.

Rarely, Lisinopril may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. This risk may be greater if you have certain other health problems (eg, kidney problems, collagen vascular disease). Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills.

Check with your doctor before you use a salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Lisinopril before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Patients who take medicine for high blood pressure often feel tired or run down for a few weeks after starting treatment. Be sure to take your medicine even if you may not feel "normal." Tell your doctor if you develop any new symptoms.

If you have high blood pressure, do not use nonprescription products that contain stimulants. These products may include diet pills or cold medicines. Contact your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.

Diabetes patients - Lisinopril may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.

Lab tests, including blood pressure, blood electrolyte levels, heart function, or kidney or liver function, may be performed while you use Lisinopril. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Lisinopril with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects.

Lisinopril should not be used in children younger 6 years; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Lisinopril may cause birth defects or fetal death if you take it while you are pregnant. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. It is not known if Lisinopril is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Lisinopril.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Cough; diarrhea; dizziness; headache; tiredness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the hands, eyes, mouth, face, lips, or tongue; hoarseness); chest pain; dark urine; decreased urination; difficulty swallowing; infection (eg, fever, chills, persistent sore throat); irregular or slow heartbeat; stomach pain (with or without nausea or vomiting); symptoms of low blood pressure (eg, fainting, severe dizziness, lightheadedness); yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Your order will be packed safely and secure and dispatched within 24 hours. This is how your parcel will look like, the images are photographs of real shipments. It has the size of a normal protected envelope and it does not disclose its contents.

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Dilt-Xr Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings - Dosing, Dilti Sr

DILT-XR

GENERIC NAME(S): DILTIAZEM HCL

Uses

Diltiazem is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension ) and prevent chest pain (angina ). Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks. and kidney problems. When used regularly, diltiazem can decrease the number and severity of episodes of chest pain from angina. It may help increase your ability to exercise .

Diltiazem is called a calcium channel blocker. It works by relaxing blood vessels in the body and heart so blood can flow more easily. Diltiazem also lowers your heart rate. These effects help the heart work less hard and lower blood pressure .

OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.

Diltiazem may also be used to control your heart rate if you have a fast/irregular heartbeat (such as atrial fibrillation ).

How to use DILT-XR

Take this medication by mouth without food, usually once daily before breakfast or as directed by your doctor. Swallow the capsules whole. Do not crush or chew the capsules. Doing so can release all of the drug at once and may increase your risk of side effects.

Your doctor may gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully. The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time each day. It is important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well. Most people with high blood pressure do not feel sick. For the treatment of high blood pressure, it may take 2 weeks before you get the full benefit of this drug.

This medication must be taken regularly to prevent angina. It should not be used to treat angina when it occurs. Use other medications (such as nitroglycerin placed under the tongue ) to relieve an angina attack as directed by your doctor. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for details.

Tell your doctor if your condition worsens (for example, your chest pain worsens or your routine blood pressure readings increase).

Side Effects

Dizziness. lightheadedness, weakness. nausea. flushing, constipation. and headache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

To lower the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: fainting. slow/irregular/pounding/fast heartbeat, swelling ankles /feet, shortness of breath, unusual tiredness, unexplained/sudden weight gain. mental/mood changes (such as depression. agitation), unusual dreams. severe stomach /abdominal pain. severe constipation. dark urine, persistent nausea/vomiting. yellowing eyes /skin .

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction. including: rash. itching /swelling (especially of the face/tongue /throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing .

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www. fda. gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

Before taking diltiazem, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: certain types of heart rhythm problems (such as sick sinus syndrome/atrioventricular block), liver disease, kidney disease, heart failure, narrowing of any part of the stomach/intestines.

This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medication.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness, constipation, or swelling ankles/feet.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

This drug passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: amiodarone, digoxin, fingolimod.

Other medications can affect the removal of diltiazem from your body, which may affect how this medication works. Examples include cimetidine, quinidine, St. John's wort, azole antifungals such as ketoconazole, macrolide antibiotics such as erythromycin, rifamycins including rifabutin and rifampin.

Diltiazem may also affect how your body gets rid of many drugs (such as aprepitant/fosaprepitant, buspirone, ivabradine, certain anti-seizure drugs including carbamazepine, certain benzodiazepines including triazolam and midazolam).

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as cough-and-cold products, diet aids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-NSAIDs for pain/fever reduction) because they may contain ingredients that could increase your blood pressure or heart rate (such as pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, ibuprofen, naproxen). Ask your pharmacist about using these products safely.

Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

Notes

Do not share this medication with others. Lifestyle changes such as stress reduction programs, exercise, and dietary changes may increase the effectiveness of this medicine. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about lifestyle changes that might benefit you.

Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as kidney/liver function tests, pulse, blood pressure, EKG) may be performed from time to time to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

There are different brands and types of this medication available. Many do not have the same effects. Do not change brands or types without consulting your doctor or pharmacist.

Have your blood pressure checked regularly while taking this medication. Learn how to monitor your own blood pressure at home, and share the results with your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

Storage

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medication away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For information about enrolling in MedicAlert, call 1-888-633-4298 (US) or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).

Information last revised February 2016. Copyright(c) 2016 First Databank, Inc.

Images

Duphaston 10 - Mg Tablets, Dydrogesteron

SCHEDULING STATUS: S4

PROPRIETARY NAME (and dosage form):

DUPHASTON 10 mg TABLETS

COMPOSITION 1 tablet contains dydrogesterone (9beta,10alpha-pregna-4,6-diene-3,20-dione) 10 mg.

PHARMACOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION A. 21.8.2 Progesterones without estrogens.

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION Dydrogesterone is an orally active progestogen which acts directly on the uterus, producing a complete secretory endometrium in an estrogen-primed uterus. At therapeutic levels, dydrogesterone has no contraceptive effect as it does not inhibit or interfere with ovulation or the corpus luteum. Furthermore, Duphaston is non-androgenic, non-estrogenic, non-corticoid, non-anabolic and is not excreted as pregnanediol.

INDICATIONS Irregular duration of cycles and irregular occurrence and duration of periods caused by progesterone deficiency. Combined with an estrogenic substance, Duphaston can be applied in secondary amenorrhoea, dysfunctional uterine bleeding and post-menopausal complaints where endogenous progesterone deficiency is implicated.

CONTRA-INDICATIONS Duphaston should not be given to patients with undiagnosed vaginal bleeding nor to those with a history of thromboembolic disorders.

DOSAGE AND DIRECTIONS FOR USE In general The dosage schemes below are meant as general recommendations. For optimal therapeutic effect, the dosages are to be adapted to the nature and severity of the disorder. In irregular cycles due to endogenous progesterone deficiency Duphaston 5 to 10 mg is recommended especially in irregular cycles due to shortened luteal phase (ie pre-menopause). Treatment should be repeated for several cycles. In secondary amenorrhoea Administration of Duphaston in combination with an estrogen is usually recommended as in these conditions endogenous progesterone deficiency is nearly always accompanied by estrogen deficiency. 0,05 mg ethinylestradiol is administered each day from the 1st to the 25th day of the cycle, and 5 mg Duphaston is added twice daily from the 11th to the 25th day. Five days after the subsequent withdrawal bleeding, the same is repeated to imitate a natural cycle. In dysfunctional uterine bleeding The symptomatic treatment is aimed at stopping the bleeding and including a subsequent withdrawal bleeding.

To stop bleeding: Duphaston 10 mg together with 0,10 mg ethinylestradiol twice daily for 5 to 7 days.

To prevent heavy bleedings: Duphaston 5 mg twice daily from day 11 to day 25 of the cycle, if necessary, combined with an estrogen during the first half of the cycle.

In post-menopausal complaints If for the symptomatic treatment of post-menopausal complaints estrogens are used (hormone replacement therapy - HRT), Duphaston 10 mg is used to counteract the effects of unopposed estrogens on the endometrium. A subsequent withdrawal bleeding is induced.

If on continuous estrogen therapy: Duphaston 10 mg twice daily during the first 12 to 14 days of each calendar month.

If on cyclic estrogen therapy: Duphaston 10 mg twice daily during the last 12 to 14 days of the treatment.

SIDE EFFECTS AND SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS Side effects of Duphaston may include gastro-intestinal disturbances, allergic skin rashes or urticaria, changes in libido, acne, fluid retention, mass gain, mental depression and breast changes, which may include discomfort or gynaecomastia. Alterations in liver function tests have been reported and less frequently jaundice. In a small percentage of the treated cases, breakthrough bleeding may occur, which can be prevented by increasing the dosage. During the clinical application of Duphaston, no virilising side effects were observed. Duphaston should be used with caution in patients with cardiovascular, renal or hepatic impairment, diabetes mellitus, asthma, epilepsy and migraine. It should be used with care in persons with a history of mental depression.

KNOWN SYMPTOMS OF OVERDOSAGE AND PARTICULARS OF ITS TREATMENT See "Side effects and special precautions". Treatment is symptomatic and supportive.

IDENTIFICATION Round, flat, white tablets with bevelled edges, one side with an inscription “S”, the other side with “155”on either side of the break mark.

PRESENTATION Available in packs of 30 tablets.

STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS Store in a dry, dark place at temperatures not exceeding 25°C. Keep out of reach of children.

REGISTRATION NUMBER S/21.8.2/165

NAME AND BUSINESS ADDRESS OF THE APPLICANT Schering (Pty) Ltd (Reg No: 1964/09072/07) 106 Sixteenth Road Randjespark Midrand 1685 P O Box 5278 Halfway House 1685

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THIS PACKAGE INSERT 14 January 1993

Solvay Pharmaceuticals BV Weesp The Netherlands Applicant: SCHERING (PTY) LTD (Reg No: 1964/09072/07)

Updated on this site: December 2000 Current: April 2005 Source: Community Pharmacy SAEPI HOME PAGE TRADE NAME INDEX GENERIC NAME INDEX FEEDBACK Information presented by Malahyde Information Systems © Copyright 1996-2005

Estrostep Fe-28 Oral Reviews And User Ratings Effectiveness, Ease Of Use, And Satisfaction, Estroste

User Reviews & Ratings - Estrostep Fe-28 oral

« Estrostep Fe-28 oral Information

Current Rating: 5

Comment: I have been on this medication on and off for about 10 years. Very satisfied with it. Slight reduction in libido, but that happens with every birth control pill. I do get anxious/depressed the first month or so of taking the medication. However, once I get used to it, my mood is overall better (pre-menstrual mood swings are gone). The periods are very light and I don't have any cramps.

Comment: I have been on this medication on and off for about 10 years. Very satisfied with it. Slight reduction in libido, but that happens with every birth control pill. I do get anxious/depressed the first month or so of taking the medication. However, once I get used to it, my mood is overall better (pre-menstrual mood swings are gone). The periods are very light and I don't have any cramps. Hide Full Comment

0 people found this review helpful. Was this review helpful? Yes | No

Condition: Birth Control

3/5/2015 10:22:54 AM

Reviewer: 35-44 Female on Treatment for 10 years or more (Patient)

Current Rating: 5

Current Rating: 5

Current Rating: 5

Comment: I have been using this pill since 1997, yes 18 years, never had issues with cycles, acne, weight gain, mood, or pregnancy scares. It works and I will accept no other pill.

Comment: I have been using this pill since 1997, yes 18 years, never had issues with cycles, acne, weight gain, mood, or pregnancy scares. It works and I will accept no other pill. Hide Full Comment

6 people found this review helpful. Was this review helpful? Yes | No

Condition: Birth Control

4/24/2013 4:49:20 PM

Reviewer: merkuree, 19-24 Female on Treatment for 1 to 6 months (Patient)

Current Rating: 3

Current Rating: 4

Current Rating: 3

Comment: I have a love/hate relationship with this pill. I hate remembering to take it (I have set up several alarms for it). but the reason why I hate it the most is CYSTIC ACNE. I got more acne from a pill that is supposed to help acne. What I love about this pill is that I didn't affect my sex drive, mood, or weight. I have the say that the first month, I had my period for two weeks (mostly spotti. Show Full Comment

Comment: I have a love/hate relationship with this pill. I hate remembering to take it (I have set up several alarms for it). but the reason why I hate it the most is CYSTIC ACNE. I got more acne from a pill that is supposed to help acne. What I love about this pill is that I didn't affect my sex drive, mood, or weight. I have the say that the first month, I had my period for two weeks (mostly spotting). I don't know if I will stay on this pill-- mostly because of the increase in acne. Hide Full Comment

6 people found this review helpful. Was this review helpful? Yes | No

Condition: Birth Control

4/18/2013 6:24:32 PM

Reviewer: 25-34 Female on Treatment for 1 to 6 months (Patient)

Current Rating: 5

Current Rating: 5

Current Rating: 5

Comment: I suffer from PMDD. the first few days on Estrostep (coming from Lo-Loestrin Fe) were absolute hell (anxiety, depression, fatigue, etc.) However, since then Estrostep has been a dream. I hardly suffer from cyclical anxiety or depression; the cystic acne and sores started noticeably clearing up within 2 weeks; hardly any fatigue; lots of energy; feeling positive and like my "old self";. Show Full Comment

Comment: I suffer from PMDD. the first few days on Estrostep (coming from Lo-Loestrin Fe) were absolute hell (anxiety, depression, fatigue, etc.) However, since then Estrostep has been a dream. I hardly suffer from cyclical anxiety or depression; the cystic acne and sores started noticeably clearing up within 2 weeks; hardly any fatigue; lots of energy; feeling positive and like my "old self"; increased sex drive; lost weight. I had been struggling to lose weight for 1.5 years, but within 6 weeks of starting Estrostep I lost almost 5 lbs, without any change to diet/exercise at all (except less exercise and a few more treats, surprisingly!) The week before my period, my breasts do hurt a little. My cramps are quite uncomfortable and my period was heavier than on LoLoestrin, but that is an easy trade-off for the rest of the benefits. My doctor thinks this may level out in a few months. Hide Full Comment

13 people found this review helpful. Was this review helpful? Yes | No

Condition: Birth Control

6/18/2011 8:34:20 AM

Working At Zemax, Zemax

Zemax

Why Work For Us?

Zemax recognizes that our biggest asset is something we don’t own at all: our people. We strive to create a fun & open culture that’s collaborative, challenging, and inclusive to attract and retain exceptional people. Without the people, we’re just lines of static code.

We are a lean organization, which means everyone chips in to get things done. We all work hard, but it’s great to be a part of a top-notch team and to know that when you need help, there’s always someone willing to lend a hand. Whether it’s attending technical talks by the founder, popping into the CEO’s office to ask a question about optical physics, or getting help with a marketing campaign, ours is an environment where experiments are favored and learning is encouraged.

Our company is growing rapidly. A key benefit of joining us at this time is the ability to carve out a niche for yourself and define what your next job in the company will be. Those who step up go on to do great things, whether in sales, marketing, engineering, or development. Come join our collaborative team.

Zemax is the leading brand of optical and illumination design software used by thousands of professional optical designers and engineers worldwide, and OpticStudio is the latest edition of Zemax software. We touch nearly every optical system manufactured today, from cell phone cameras to space telescopes to intraocular lenses to lighting systems.

We know our customers, and they know us. We pride ourselves in not only having the largest user base in the industry, but also for actively communicating with our users to gain a better understanding of their design challenges. The strong customer relationships that result set us apart in the industry and enable us to raise our benchmarks to provide new solutions to design challenges.

In 1991, Dr. Ken Moore created the original ray tracing code that is the bases on which Zemax was founded. From a staff of 9 in 2011, we’ve grown to 50 staff globally, with nearly all of our technical team having advanced degrees in Physics or Optics. We have offices in the UK and China, as well as our headquarters in Kirkland, WA, USA.

Today, Zemax, LLC delivers design software, training, and support services that set the standards for the optical and illumination design industry. OpticStudio is unmatched as the preferred design platform for optical and illumination researchers, engineers, designers and students around the world.

LensMechanix

In 2016, we introduced LensMechanix . a power new SOLIDWORKS add-in that gives mechanical engineers the tools to package, analyze, and validate their optomechanical designs.

LensMechanix simplifies the transition between optics design and opto-mechanical packaging, within the familiar SOLIDWORKS interface. Key features include:

Insert saved system: Insert the optical design file directly into SOLIDWORKS. From OpticStudio, optical design properties are automatically loaded. Then add mechanical geometry and components.

Run ray trace: Use Zemax’s industry leading core physics to trace rays and assess product performance in SOLIDWORKS. Ray trace analyzes the complete product, including the mechanical geometry.

Show display rays: View how light travels through the optical system to identify unwanted stray light, reflections and areas for improvements in the product design — all without going back to the optics designer.

Image viewer: Simulates how an image would be viewed through the end product. LensMechanix includes many pre-installed images, or new images can be uploaded to conduct this analysis.

Optical performance summary: A display of results in a simple chart indicating “pass/fail” for image quality and stray light metrics. Detailed results data is also stored to troubleshoot the design or gather additional insights.

Surface power: Provides a colorized diagram, similar to a thermal map, to help analyze where light energy is concentrated or lost within the product.

OpticStudio

Our flagship product, OpticStudio . is the world-leading optical and illumination design software built on Zemax’s core physics engine.

OpticStudio combines a new, intuitive user interface with a comprehensive array of features and unmatched functionality, making it the preferred design platform for engineers, researchers and designers around the world.

In addition to our software, we provide engineering services for our customers including technical support, custom development, and private and public training. Nearly all of our engineers have advanced degrees and years of experience in optical design and illumination. Whether it's answering complex questions about image quality or helping with an installation, we provide the best technical support in the industry.

One of the most unique aspects of the company is our exceptional leadership team. Many of us have backgrounds in physics and optics, and it’s our technical expertise that helps us understand and connect with our customers.

The work environment is incredibly casual and fun. There is no dress code, so you can show up to work wearing t-shirts or sandals without a problem. All workers also receive access to all the snacks and drinks in the pantry. The management team is great to work with and are very easy to talk to. The CEO is a hoot and makes work life very entertaining! As long as you put forth your best effort and contribute to the companies values, you will be a master Zemax employee in no time. By far the best company I have ever worked for and I plan on continuing to work here for life!

There really aren't any. Zemax is a constantly growing company and there will always be minor growing pains but the entire company puts their best foot forward to make continuous strides in improvements.

Advice to Management

Keep up the good work, continue empowering all the employees and lets continue to grow as a team!

I applied online. The process took 4+ weeks. I interviewed at Zemax in January 2016.

It took Zemax one month to contact me after I had submitted my resume. The first interview was a phone screening. The hiring manager answered all my questions before I had a chance to ask. It seemed important to the hiring manager that employees enjoy working at the company. The interview was nothing too challenging, no surprises.

They asked if i would be willing to move to Washington if I got the job. Answer Question

Zemax 2016-02-21 21:01 PST

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Furadonins, Furadonins

Minint Pasauline kovos su prostatos veziu diena Valstybine ligoniu kasa prie Sveikatos apsaugos ministerijos (VLK) primena, kaip labai svarbu visiems vyrams laiku apsilankyti pas šeimos gydytoja ir išsitirti del prostatos vezio. Anksti nustatyti šia liga, diagnozuoti ikivezines ligas gali padeti prostatos vezio prevencine programa. Tyrimai privalomuoju sveikatos draudimu (PSD) apdraustiems zmonems apmokami Privalomojo sveikatos draudimo fondo (PSDF) lešomis.

Uzkreciamuju ligu ir AIDS centro (ULAC) duomenimis, šiu metu sausio-rugpjucio menesiais Lietuvoje uzregistruoti 354 (90 proc. didesnis sergamumas nei praeitais metais per ta pati laikotarpi) erkinio encefalito (EE) ir 1477 (20 proc. didesnis sergamumas nei praeitais metais per ta pati laikotarpi) Laimo ligos (LL) atvejai. ULAC medikai informuoja, kad EE ir LL atveju kasmet daugeja. 2016 m. rugpjuti EE susirgo 189 asmenys, o LL – 573. Per ta pati praeitu metu laikotarpi EE sirgo 64 asmenys, o LL – 385. Sergamumas erkiu platinamomis ligomis šiu metu rugpjuti didziausias per paskutinius 5 metus.

Panevezio teritorine ligoniu kasa (TLK) atliko savo veiklos zonos stacionariniu asmens sveikatos prieziuros istaigu (ASPI) priemimo-skubiosios pagalbos paslaugu, suteiktu šiu istaigu priemimo skyriuose, analize. Stacionariniu ASPI, t. y. ligoniniu vadovai pakviesti susipazinti ne tik su šios analizes rezultatais – Panevezio TLK taip pat pateike duomenis, kaip ligoninese vykdyta sveikatos apsaugos ministro rekomendacija ASPI skirtas papildomas lešas iš Privalomojo sveikatos draudimo fondo (PSDF) biudzeto rezervo rizikos valdymo dalies nuo 2016 m. liepos 1 d. naudoti istaigu darbuotoju pagrindinio darbo uzmokescio pastoviajai daliai didinti.

Šaltos rankos ir kojos nera pati maloniausia savijauta, o kaip tik erzinanti, taciau specialistai sako, kad kartais tai gali atskleisti ir rimtu sveikatos sutrikimu. Dauguma zmoniu mano, kad tai susije su sutrikusia kraujotaka, kuri iš tikruju yra viena dazniausiu priezasciu, taciau ji nera vienintele. Kas dar lemia tokia sveikatos bukle, rašoma care2.com.

Ankstyvas senejimas yra viena didziausiu moteru baimiu. Saules spinduliai ir aplinkos tarša daro itaka musu odai, del to atsiranda pigmentines demes, raukšles ir kiti ankstyvo senejimo pozymiai. Puoseledamos grozi, visuomet labiau rupinames veido oda, o pamirštame kakla ir rankas. Tuo tarpu kaklas ir rankos yra tos vietos, kurios labiausiai atspindi musu amziu. Todel ju prieziurai reiketu skirti zymiai daugiau demesio. Tinklapis Econet pateikia efektyvias naturalias priemones, kurias galite pasigaminti pacios.

Sveikatos mokymo ir ligu prevencijos centro Aplinkos sveikatos skyrius primena, kad kiekviena rugseji visose Europos Sajungos šalyse organizuojama Europos judrioji savaite – didziausia darnaus judumo kampanija pasaulyje. Jos renginiai vyksta rugsejo 16–22 d. Rugsejo 22-oji daugelyje Europos miestu tradiciškai skelbiama Diena be automobilio. Šia kampanija siekiama skatinti Europos šaliu vietos valdzios institucijas diegti ir populiarinti darnias transporto sistemas bei paraginti gyventojus išbandyti susisiekimo automobiliais alternatyvas: naudotis visuomeniniu transportu, vaziuoti dviraciais, eiti pesciomis ir taip prisideti prie triukšmo, oro taršos, energijos suvartojimo ir eismo spusciu mazinimo.

Ieskomiausiu TOP 5

Skaitos kompiuteriu servisas UAB Farmaciniu informaciniu sistemu skyrius K. Petrausko 19A, Kaunas tel: (8

Atsakomybes apribojimas Copyright © 2013 Skaitos kompiuteriu servisas UAB. Visos teises saugomos.

Kopen Carreldon (Cartia) Zonder Recept, Carreldon

Carreldon (Cartia) Kopen Online Zonder Recept

Carreldon (Cartia) Toelichting

Carreldon wordt gebruikt met betrekking tot het omgaan met hoge bloeddruk, hartproblemen en specifieke cardiovasculaire tempo problemen. Dit is een lagere dosis aspirine om bloedbaan stolling te voorkomen, stremmen en vermindert de kans op hartinfarct en hartaanval binnen patienten, samen met de bloedbaan boot problemen. Carreldon helpt afname bloedbaan hoeveelheid tijd die lezers te blijven, heeft het de neiging geassocieerd met bloed om te verstoppen. Het werkelijk wordt gebruikt om controle enkele problemen die kunnen worden veroorzaakt door coagulatie bijstaan ??stremmen in de bloedbaan.

Carreldon misschien nuttig voor het geval dat je in gevaar bent van hart, keelontstekingen, transitieve ischemische aanvallen (TIA's of zelfs kleine beroertes), hartaanval zijn (vanwege sommige bloedbaan stolsel) of zelfs een hartinfarct.

Carreldon (Cartia) Dosis

Carreldon komt in:

60mg Satndart Dose frictiemateriaal

120mg optimale dosis frictiemateriaal

Carreldon wordt gebruikt dagelijks een compleet kopje geassocieerd met het drinken van water.

Meestal niet te malen, kauwen, breken de eigenlijke pil. Consumeer deze hele.

Blijf bij je dieet plan, geneeskunde, evenals lichaamsbeweging te beheren.

Houd er rekening mee dat je eigen lage bloeddruk te vaak raken onderzocht zal hebben.

Meestal niet stoppen met behulp van Carreldon ineens.

Carreldon (Cartia) ontbreekt in verband met de dosering

Meestal krijgt niet de dubbele dosering. In het geval u de dosering die u nodig hebt om het te dragen als je eenmaal in het achterhoofd te houden met betrekking tot uw ontbreekt overslaan. Wanneer het tijd is voor de dosering die u nodig hebt om te dragen op je eigen normale dosering routine.

Carreldon (Cartia) Overdose

In het geval u Carreldon overdosis en je ook voorkomen dat geweldig je nodig hebt om direct te controleren uw arts of zelfs arts.

Carreldon (Cartia) Opslagruimte

Shop in een ruimte temperaturen tussen vier en dertig niveaus D (39 en zesentachtig niveaus F) tegen vocht, verlichting en temperatuur. Versterken van de werkelijke na afloop dag. Handhaven van het bereiken van kinderen.

Carreldon (Cartia) Negatieve effecten

Carreldon biedt de negatieve effecten. De meest typische neiging om:

hoofdpijn frictiemateriaal

vermoeidheid frictiemateriaal

enige zwakte frictiemateriaal

uitgeput sensatie frictiemateriaal

geergerd buik frictiemateriaal

misselijkheid of braken frictiemateriaal

pijnlijke amandelen, hoesten, verstopte neus-gebied frictiemateriaal

flushing (warmte, ontsteking, of zelfs tintelend gevoel) frictiemateriaal

Veel minder typische en ernstige negatieve effecten hele behulp Carreldon:

allergische reactie reacties (urticaria. en uitademen problemen, allergie, evenals eruptie) frictiemateriaal

rood-gekleurde, verzengende porien en de huid allergie frictiemateriaal

ontsteking in uw vingers of zelfs ft frictiemateriaal

tragere hartslag frictiemateriaal

flauwvallen, snelle of zelfs kloppend hart sloeg frictiemateriaal

top buik ongemak frictiemateriaal

jeuk frictiemateriaal

gebrek aan honger frictiemateriaal

darkish pee frictiemateriaal

klei-gekleurde barkrukken frictiemateriaal

geelzucht (vergeling van de porien en de huid of zelfs ogen) frictiemateriaal

ernstige porien en respons huidwrijving materiaal

verzengende frictiemateriaal

oud frictiemateriaal

Negatieve effecten zijn er aanwijzingen afhankelijk zijn van medicijnen die u zou kunnen gebruiken, maar bovendien rekenen op uw welzijn conditie en andere aspecten.

Carreldon (Cartia) Contra-indicaties

Meestal niet Carreldon krijgen in het geval u gevoelig om Carreldon elementen zijn.

Wees voorzichtig, samen met Carreldon als u verwacht op een andere wijze u van plan bent om een ??kind te bezitten. Gewoonlijk dient u deze niet in het geval dat u borstvoeding geeft.

Meestal niet gebruiken Carreldon voor degenen die hebben specifieke cardiovasculaire omstandigheden bijvoorbeeld "zieke neus syndroom" of zelfs "AV-blok" (tenzij er een pacemaker), lagere lage bloeddruk, of zelfs voor degenen die hebben de laatste tijd ervaren het myocardinfarct.

Wees voorzichtig, samen met Carreldon in het geval u gebruik maakt van elke vorm van voorgeschreven arts of zelfs nonprescription medicijnen, natuurlijke voorbereiding, of zelfs aan te vullen.

Wees voorzichtig, samen met Carreldon in het geval u gebruik maakt van cimetidine (Tagamet); carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol); kinidine (Quin-G); amiodaron (Cordarone, Pacerone); een goede convential medische bijvoorbeeld claritromycine (Biaxin), dalfopristine / quinupristine (Synercid), erytromycine (E. Electronic H. EryPed, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin, Pediazole.), of zelfs telitromycine (Ketek); digoxine (digitalis, Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps); buspiron (BuSpar); de betablokker bijvoorbeeld atenolol (Tenormin, Tenoretic), carvedilol (Coreg), labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate), metoprolol (Dutoprol, Lopressor, Toprol), nadolol (Corgard), propranolol (Inderal, Innopran), sotalol (Betapace) alsmede anderen; cholesterol medicijnen bijvoorbeeld atorvastatine (Lipitor, Caduet), fluvastatine (Lescol), lovastatine (Mevacor, Altoprev, Advicor), pravastatine (Pravachol), rosuvastatine (Crestor), of zelfs statines (Zocor, Simcor, Vytorin); rifampicine (Rifadin, Rimactane, Rifater); HIV / AIDS medicatie bijvoorbeeld atazanavir (Reyataz), delavirdine (Rescriptor), fosamprenavir (Lexiva), indinavir (Crixivan), nelfinavir (Viracept), of zelfs ritonavir (Norvir, Kaletra); ontspannende bijvoorbeeld midazolam (Versed) of zelfs triazolam (Halcion); cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune); antischimmelmiddel bijvoorbeeld itraconazol (Trisporal), ketoconazol (Extina, Ketozole, Nizoral, Xolegal), miconazol (Oravig), of zelfs voriconazol (Vfend).

Wees voorzichtig, samen met Carreldon voor degenen die hebben renale ziekte, ziekten in de lever, of zelfs congestief hart-falen.

voorkomen dat apparaat reizen.

Carreldon (Cartia) Veelgestelde vragen

Queen: Wat is Carreldon precies?

De: Carreldon wordt gebruikt met betrekking tot het omgaan met een hoge bloeddruk (hoge bloedbaan druk), keelontstekingen (pijn op de borst), alsmede specifieke cardiovasculaire tempo problems. A

Queen: Hoe kan echt Carreldon lopen?

De: Carreldon is echt een kcalcium station blocker. De potentie van Carreldon lijkt vanwege zijn vermogen om de spieren van de cardiovasculaire evenals bloodstream. A

Queen rusten: Kan vrouwen die zwanger zijn gebruiken Carreldon?

De: Wees voorzichtig, samen met Carreldon als u verwacht op een andere wijze u van plan bent om een ??kind te bezitten. Meestal neem het niet mee voor het geval u borstvoeding feeding. A

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Zoeken

Selgin 5 Mg Online, Selgin

Selgin - 5 mg

Description of the drug:

Selgin 5mg drug contains Selegiline Hcl as the main active ingredient. This medicine belongs to a class of antiviral medication and also is widely used as an antiparkinsonian drug. It can even be used for organic synthesis as a building block material. Selegiline Hcl is an organic compound and it is made up of adamantine backbone with an amino group instead of a methyne group.

Indications and Usage:

Selegiline Hcl is used for the treatment of Parkinson disease and depression where it is usually used as a monotherapy or can be combined with L-DOPA. This drug is can effectively cure the problems of neuronal loss, dyskinesias, and chronic pulsatile stimulation of dopamine receptors. This drug is used as medication for several other health disorders like influenza and multiple sclerosis.

Dosage and administration:

-Recommended dose:

The recommended dose of this drug for adults is 5 mg twice every day. The dose should be adjusted as per the response of the patient towards the drug under the supervision of your doctor. Report your doctor after a regular time interval of 3 to 4 weeks.

-Mode of administration:

Selegiline Hclis available in the form of a capsule/s and this makes it easier to be consumed orally with sufficient amount of water. Completely swallow this medicine with water. Do not chew it.

-Missed dose:

If you forget to take your medication, do take it as soon as you remember it. In the case of any complications please contact your doctor immediately.

-Overdose:

In case if you take an extra dose, consult your doctor and do as instructed.

Forms and strengths:

Selegiline Hcl is available in the form of a tablet/s and applies to the following strength/s:

You can buy Selgin 5 mg online from our website reliablerxpharmacy. com at a very reasonable price.

Contraindications:

The following drugs have been reported to contraindicate the medicine Selegiline Hcl:

Hypersensitive reactions

Lactating women

Warnings and Precautions:

Please be very careful when you take dosage of this drug. High dosage intake of this drug can be fatal. It can lead to severe complications like arrhythmia, tachycardia, and hypertension

Please take the accurate dose of Selegiline Hcl as prescribed by your doctor. This drug has been reported to cause abnormal mental sickness and in several reported cases patients have also attempted to suicide

Avoid driving if you are consuming high dosage of this medicine. Selegiline Hclcan cause epilepsy, seizures, blurring vision, and other central nervous impairment which can create a state of mental confusion

Do not consume this drug if you have glaucoma. Selegiline Hclcan cause mydriasis due to its anti-cholinergic effects

If you have a history of cardiovascular disorder please, inform your doctor beforehand. This drug can cause fatal congestive heart attack or failure

When you Selgin 5mg online from our website reliablerxpharmacy. com, make sure to keep a note of all the instructions mentioned here and follow them strictly.

Side effects:

Selegiline Hcl is known to have some side effects. Some of which are listed here:

Infections

Chest pain

Headache

Fever

Hot flashes

Nausea

Diarrhoea

Dyspepsia

Vomiting

Abdominal problems

Flatulence

Weight gain

Edema

Arthritis

Vertigo

Insomnia

Urogenital tract problems

Conjunctivitis

Rash

Pneumonia

Irregular periods

Drug interactions:

Following drugs are known to interact with the working of Selegiline Hcl:

Anticholinergic agents

Thioridazine

Dyazide

Quinidine

Ingredients:

Selegiline and Hydrochloride are the two main active ingredients present in the drug Selgin 5 mg. Selgin 5 mg drug has both antiviral and antiparkinsonian effects. This drug acts as a potent inhibitor of monoamine oxidase (MAOI). This medication is used along with other drugs like levodopa or carbidopa. Selegiline additively enhances the anti-Parkinson effect of levodopa. Selegiline Hcl functions by lowering the breakdown of neurotransmitters in the brain like dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. Moreover Selegiline Hcl is also known to block the action of enzyme CYP2A6 and thus enhances the nicotinic effects.

Storage:

Do not refrigerate the medicine Keep the medicine away from the reach of children and pet Store at room temperature Keep the drug away from heat and moisture

Manufacturer:

Selgin 5 mg drug is manufactured by one of the leading global company Intas Pharmaceuticals.

Please note that not all medications, including any referenced on this page, are dispensed from our affiliated Indian pharmacy. The medications in your order may be filled and shipped from an approved International fulfilment center located in a country other than India. In addition to dispensing medications from our Indian pharmacy, medication orders are also filled and shipped from international fulfilment centers that are approved by the regulatory bodies from their respective countries.

Medication orders are filled and shipped from approved fulfilment centers around the world including, but not limited to, India, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Mauritius and the United States. The items in your order may be filled and shipped from any one of the above jurisdictions. The products are sourced from various countries as well as those listed above. All of our affiliated fulfilment centers have been approved by the regulatory bodies from their respective countries.

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Enalapril (Enacard, Vasotec) In Dogs And Cats, Enacard

Enalapril (Enacard, Vasotec) in Dogs and Cats

Updated February 23, 2016.

Enalapril is used in dogs and cats to treat heart disease, high blood pressure and even kidney disease. It is also known as Enacard® or Vasotec®.

What Is Enalapril and How Does It Work in Dogs and Cats?

Enalapril is an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (or ACE inhibitor). What this means is that enalapril stops the angiotensin converting enzyme from producing a compound called angiotensin-ll, which is a potent vasoconstrictor.

Continue Reading Below

Vasoconstrictors cause the narrowing of blood vessels which ultimately leads to an increase in blood pressure and a need for the heart to work harder to pump the blood through the body.

In contrast, enalapril acts as a vasodilator because it blocks the production of angiotensin-ll. Essentially, by acting as a vasodilator, enalapril acts to increase the diameter of the blood vessels instead ofnarrowing them. This increase in the diameter of the blood vessels results in a decrease in blood pressure and makes it easier for the heart to push the blood through the blood vessels to the body.

Enalapril also increases blood flow to the kidneys, which may be helpful for some dogs and cats that are experiencing kidney disease. It is believed that enalapril and other ACE inhibitors probably decrease the amount of protein that is allowed to escape through the kidneys and into the urine.

What Diseases Can Enalapril Treat for Dogs and Cats?

Enalapril is used in both the dog and the cat to treat:

heart failure

hypertension (high blood pressure)

chronic renal (kidney) failure

protein-losing nephropathy (kidney disease in which protein is lost through the urine)

Continue Reading Below

When enalapril is used to treat heart failure, it is most often used together with furosemide (Lasix®). The two medications used together can increase the quality of life for a dog or cat in heart failure but it is not known whether the pet's life can actually be prolonged by using the enalapril and furosemide together.

When using enalapril together with furosemide, it may be necessary to use a lower dosage of furosemide to avoid decreasing the blood pressure to a dangerously low level.

What Side Effects Can Be Seen with Enalapril in the Dog and Cat?

Pet owners using enalapril for their dog or cat should be aware that side effects, though relatively rare, can occur. These side effects may include:

Dogs and cats receiving enalapril should be examined regularly by a veterinarian as well. Periodic blood screening may be necessary to monitor for signs of kidney disease and increased blood potassium levels. The pet's blood pressure should be monitored periodically as well.

Enalapril (Enacard®, Vasotec®) is commonly used in the both the dog and cat to treat a range of diseases, including heart and kidney disease.

Please note: this article has been provided for informational purposes only. If your pet is showing any signs of illness, please consult a veterinarian as quickly as possible.

Acheter Generique Nausicalm Dimenhydrinate Belgique France Achat En Ligne Prix, Nausicalm

Dramamine is used for preventing and treating nausea, vomiting, and dizziness caused by motion sickness.

Use Dramamine as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Dramamine may be taken with or without food. Use Dramamine exactly as directed on the package, unless instructed differently by your doctor. If you are taking Dramamine without a prescription, follow any warnings and precautions on the label. Take the first dose at least 30 minutes before activity or travel. If you miss a dose of Dramamine and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Dramamine.

Use Dramamine exactly as directed by your Health Provider.

Store Dramamine at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C), or according to directions on the package label. Store in the original package or container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Dramamine out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Some medical conditions may interact with Dramamine. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, emphysema, lung disease, shortness of breath, or sleep apnea

if you have a blockage of the stomach, intestine, or urinary tract; difficulty urinating; diabetes; ulcers; enlargement of the prostate; glaucoma; heart disease; irregular heartbeat; high blood pressure; porphyria; or thyroid disease

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Dramamine. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Sodium oxybate (GHB) because an increase in sleep duration and a decrease in the ability to breathe are likely to occur

MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine) because serious side effects, such as high blood pressure or seizure, may occur

Antibiotics that may cause hearing problems (eg, gentamicin, vancomycin) because Dramamine may mask symptoms of hearing problems

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Dramamine may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Do NOT use Dramamine if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Dramamine or other similar medicines

you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB)

you are currently taking or have taken a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) in the past 14 days

you are breast-feeding

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Dramamine may cause drowsiness or dizziness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Dramamine. Using Dramamine alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or to perform other potentially dangerous tasks. Avoid drinking alcohol or taking other medications that cause drowsiness (eg, sedatives, tranquilizers) while taking Dramamine. Dramamine will add to the effects of alcohol and other depressants. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines are depressants. Dramamine may cause dizziness. Alcohol, hot weather, exercise, and fever can increase this effect. To prevent it, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Also, sit or lie down at the first sign of dizziness. Do not exceed the recommended dose or use Dramamine more frequently or for longer than prescribed without first checking with your doctor. Do not become overheated in hot weather or during exercise or other activities since heatstroke may occur. Dramamine may cause increased sensitivity to the sun. Avoid exposure to the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Dramamine. Use a sunscreen or protective clothing if you must be outside for a prolonged period. Do not use Dramamine with any medicine that contains diphenhydramine. Before you begin taking any new prescription or nonprescription medicine, including one used on the skin, read the ingredients to see if it also contains diphenhydramine or another similar medicine (eg, antihistamine). If it does, or if you are uncertain if it does, contact your doctor or pharmacist. Use Dramamine with caution in the ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially dizziness, sedation, and lightheadedness upon standing. Safe use and instructions for use in CHILDREN differs according to the brand used. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions about the brand you are using. Use of Dramamine is not recommended in CHILDREN younger than 2 years of age without first talking with the child's doctor. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Dramamine during pregnancy. Dramamine is excreted in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Dramamine.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, throat, and nose; thickening of mucus in nose or throat.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; convulsions; decreased alertness; difficulty urinating; excessive excitability; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or sore throat; hallucinations; mental or mood changes; pounding in the chest; seizures; tremor; unusual bruising or bleeding; wheezing; yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

Les clients qui ont achete ce produit ont egalement achete:

Methotrexate $0.61 Par unite Methotrexate is used for treating certain types of cancer, severe psoriasis, or rheumatoid arthritis in certain patients. Plus d'information Shatavari $54.6 Par unite The roots of Shatavari or Asparagus racemosus have galactagogue, antispasmodic, appetizer, cooling, tonic and aphrodisiac properties. Plus d'information

Reminyl $1.94 Par unite Reminyl (Galantamine) is a cholinesterase inhibitor that works by increasing the amount of a certain substance (acetylcholine) in the brain, which reduces symptoms of dementia in patients with Alzheimer disease. Plus d'information Keppra $1.93 Par unite Keppra (levetiracetam) is an anti-epileptic drug, also called an anticonvulsant. Plus d'information

Septilin $38.58 Par unite Septilin is the ultimate natural alternative to antibiotics that is mostly preventive and is aimed at building up the body's own defence. Plus d'information Tulasi $39.35 Par unite Tulasi is a medicine that promotes optimum respiratory support. Plus d'information

Amazing D Nealian Handwriting Worksheet Maker, Nalion

NAME & SENTENCE D'Nealian Style Worksheets Use the D'Nealian style sentence handwriting worksheet maker with a student's name or small sentence. Type sentence, words or letters in the first line and following lines appear identical to the first. You have the option to make words in remaining rows as traceable dots or just the starting pencil point dot. Click the graphic above to begin.

SINGLE WORD D'Nealian Style Worksheets Best for D'Nealian style handwriting practice using one word - or one or more letters. Type a single letter or word and it appears again automatically to the right for however many times you choose. The first word in the row also shows pencil starting points and pencil direction. Click the graphic above to begin.

MULTI-WORD D'Nealian Style Worksheets Best for D'Nealian style practice using several different words. Type words in the box and watch each word appear in its own row. The first word in the row also shows pencil direction arrows. Click the graphic above to begin.

PARAGRAPH D'Nealian Style Worksheets Best for practicing basic handwriting after students have learned all letters. Just type in sentences as you would in a word processor and watch the paragraph worksheet appear before your eyes. Click the graphic above to begin.

More free worksheets & materials in reading, phonics, vocabulary and sentence writing from your friends at -?ReadingKEY. com

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Fexofenadine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings - Dosing, Fexofenadin

fexofenadine

Uses

How to use fexofenadine

If you are taking the over-the-counter product to self-treat, read all directions on the product package before taking this medication. If you have any questions, consult your pharmacist. If your doctor has prescribed this medication, take it as directed, usually 2 times daily (every 12 hours).

If you are using the liquid form of this medication, shake the bottle well before each dose and measure the dose carefully using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. Take the tablet/capsule or liquid form of this medication with or without food. If you are using the rapidly-dissolving tablet, take it on an empty stomach. Allow the rapidly-dissolving tablet to dissolve on the tongue and then swallow, with or without water. Do not remove the tablet from the blister pack until right before using.

If you need a liquid to take this medication (such as when taking the tablets/capsules), then take this medication with water. Do not take with fruit juices (such as apple, grapefruit, or orange) since they may decrease the absorption of this drug.

The dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often than directed.

Do not take antacids containing aluminum and magnesium within 2 hours of taking this medication. These antacids can decrease the absorption of fexofenadine.

Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.

Side Effects

Cough. fever, or stomach upset may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

If your doctor has prescribed this medication, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash. itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue /throat), severe dizziness. trouble breathing .

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www. fda. gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

Before taking fexofenadine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease .

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

Liquid products may contain sugar. The rapidly-dissolving tablets may contain aspartame. Caution is advised if you have diabetes. phenylketonuria (PKU), or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about using this product safely.

During pregnancy. this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

This medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast - feeding.

Interactions

See also How to Use section.

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including allergy skin testing ), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

Notes

Keep all regular medical and laboratory appointments.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

Storage

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Different brands of this medication may have different storage needs. Check the product package for instructions on how to store your brand, or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Information last revised October 2015. Copyright(c) 2015 First Databank, Inc.

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Beclomet - Drug Review Dosage, Side Effects, Action, Buy Beclomet, Beclomet

Beclomet

Beclomet review

Beclomet . a glucocorticoid steroid medicament used in the treatment of a number of different conditions, has fewer side effects than other steroidal anti-inflammatory medicaments because it works directly on the lungs. Beclomet, as an inhaler, is used to alleviate asthma symptoms. It is also used as a nasal spray to treat symptoms of rhinitis and sinusitis and can be used for treating nasal polyps, either to prevent their recurrence after being surgically removed or to prevent them from growing larger. This spray has been used to treat severe cases of persistent canker sores. An ointment is available for treating certain severe inflammatory disorders of the skin, especially in cases that do not respond to other less potent topical steroids. Beclomet has been used to treat colitis ulcerosa in conjunction with other medicaments as a controlled-release tablet in the United Kingdom

This medicament is prescribed to those suffering from seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial allergic rhinitis and is used by asthma patients for the prevention of asthma attacks. Beclomet is used as a preventive measure and does not stop ongoing asthma attacks. However, it is not typically prescribed when other existing non-steroidal medicaments already work.

The standard dose for the inhaler varies based on the severity of the asthma symptoms and your doctor's instructions. Beclomet may be used in conjunction with other anti-asthma medicament. Continue to use the inhaler even if symptoms improve unless specifically ordered by your doctor not to.

For all except the QVAR inhaler, shake the inhaler prior to each use. Exhale as much air from your lungs as possible. Now, breathe in slowly and deeply through the mouthpiece while pressing down to spray the Beclomet medicament. As you inhale, ensure the medicated mist goes down to your lungs, not into your mouth or throat. Care should be taken so the mist does not escape through the nose. Hold your breath for about 5 to 10 seconds then exhale slowly. If a second dose from the inhaler is needed, wait for 2 minutes before repeating the steps above.

The suggested dose for the nasal spray is 2 sprays to each nostril twice a day, but no more than 12 applications per day for adults and 8 applications a day for children. Regardless of the recommendation, follow the prescription given by your doctor.

Always clear your nasal passages before using the nasal spray. Place the nozzle of the nasal spray in one of your nostrils and inhale deeply as you squeeze the bottle, taking care to close the other nostril as you do this. Repeat these steps for the other nostril.

Known side effects include irritation or drying of the mouth and throat, coughing, or difficulty speaking. Consult with your doctor if these symptoms become bothersome or persist. More serious side effects include rashes, difficulty breathing, skin edema in the face and lower extremities, extended cold or other similar infections and muscle weakness. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of these conditions.

Beclomet should not be taken while the patient has an active infection of the mucus lining in the nose because its effects may be hindered. Contact your physician immediately if the spit coughed up in an asthma attack becomes thicker or changes from a clear white discharge to yellow, green, or gray secretions.

Clean inhaler mouthpieces regularly in warm water and re-prime nasal spray bottles by pumping twice when they are not used for an extended period of time.

Beclomet has the following structural formula:

• Molecular formula of beclomet is C28H37ClO7 • Chemical IUPAC Name is [9-chloro-11-hydroxy-10,13,16-trimethyl-3-oxo-17-(2-propanoyloxyacetyl)- 6,7,8,11,12,14,15,16-octahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl] propanoate • Molecular weight is 521.042 g/mol

Generic name: Beclomethasone

Thomapyrin - Auf Den Punkt Gegen Kopfschmerzen, Thomapyrin

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Thomapyrin ® ist in zwei unterschiedlichen Formen erhaltlich, Thomapyrin ® CLASSIC und Thomapyrin ® INTENSIV. Beide enthalten dieselben Wirkstoffe, aber die Dosierung unterscheidet sich. Bei leichten bis ma?ig starken Kopfschmerzen empfiehlt sich Thomapyrin ® CLASSIC. bei Migrane und intensiven Spannungskopfschmerzen ist Thomapyrin ® INTENSIV die richtige Wahl.

Der Vorteil von Thomapyrin ® : Thomapyrin ® kombiniert seine drei Wirkstoffe ASS (Acetylsalicylsaure), Paracetamol und Coffein so ideal, dass es 15 Minuten schneller wirkt *. Auch die Deutsche Migrane und Kopfschmerzgesellschaft bewertet als Mittel der ersten Wahl bei Kopfschmerzen die bewahrte Dreierkombination aus ASS, Paracetamol und Coffein, die in Thomapyrin ® vorhanden ist. Vertrauen auch Sie deshalb auf Thomapyrin ®. die Nr. 1 bei Kopfschmerzen 1 !

Die gute Nachricht: Ca. 37 Arten von Kopfschmerzen konnen Sie selbst mit rezeptfreien Schmerzmitteln aus der Apotheke behandeln. Kopfschmerzmittel wirken am besten, wenn sie so fruh wie moglich bei einer Kopfschmerzattacke eingenommen werden.

CLASSIC oder INTENSIV? Welches Thomapyrin ® - Produkt passt zu Ihnen?

Thomapyrin ® CLASSIC

Bei leichten bis ma?ig starken Kopfschmerzen

Thomapyrin ® INTENSIV

Bei starkeren Kopfschmerzen und Migrane

Auf den Punkt gegen Kopfschmerzen

Thomapyrin ® wirkt schnell dank idealer Kombination dreier Wirkstoffe, die sich optimal erganzen.

Thomapyrin ® CLASSIC Schmerztabletten Fur Erwachsene und Jugendliche ab 12 Jahren bei akuten leichten bis ma?ig starken Schmerzen. Schmerzmittel sollen langere Zeit oder in hoheren Dosen nicht ohne Befragen des Arztes angewendet werden. Enthalt Lactose. Zu Risiken und Nebenwirkungen lesen Sie die Packungsbeilage und fragen Sie Ihren Arzt oder Apotheker.

Thomapyrin ® INTENSIV Fur Erwachsene und Jugendliche ab 12 Jahren zur Behandlung von akuten Kopfschmerzen (z. B. Spannungskopfschmerzen) und Migraneanfallen (mit und ohne Aura). Schmerzmittel sollen langere Zeit oder in hoheren Dosen nicht ohne Befragen des Arztes angewendet werden. Enthalt Lactose. Zu Risiken und Nebenwirkungen lesen Sie die Packungsbeilage und fragen Sie Ihren Arzt oder Apotheker.

* Diener HC et al. Cephalalgia 2005; 25, 776–787 1) Fur Kopfschmerzen gekaufter Packungsanteil (MediScope) am Absatz (IMS), MAT 12/2015

Wissen Darmpolypen, Polypen

Darmpolypen

© CLIPAREA. com - Fotolia

Darmpolypen sind Vorwolbungen der Darmschleimhaut. Sie konnen bei bestimmten Krankheiten oder auch ohne erkennbare Ursache entstehen. Fast die Halfte aller Menschen uber 70 Jahre haben Darmpolypen. Meistens verursachen sie keine Beschwerden und werden nur in der Vorsorgeuntersuchung entdeckt. Da sie zu einem Darmkrebs entarten konnen, sollten sie entfernt werden. Lesen Sie hier alles Wichtige uber Darmpolypen.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Darmpolypen: Beschreibung

Darmpolypen sind Schleimhautstrukturen, die in den Hohlraum des Darms hineinragen. Sie konnen flach auf der Darmschleimhaut aufsitzen, durch einen Stil mit ihr verbunden sein oder eine „zottige“ Form annehmen. Polypen sind sehr haufig im Dickdarm und Enddarm (Rektum) zu finden. Sie konnen aus unterschiedlichem Gewebe bestehen, haben sich aber meistens aus Drusengewebe der Darmschleimhaut gebildet. Man nennt Polypen in diesem Fall Adenome. Adenome sind gutartige Strukturen, die aber in bosartiges Krebsgewebe ubergehen konnen.

Nach dem 70sten Lebensjahr tragt fast die Halfte aller Menschen in Deutschland mindestens einen Polypen im Darm. Man unterscheidet einen einzelnen Polypen von Krankheiten mit mehreren Dickdarmpolypen. Bei einer sogenannten Polypose befinden sich uber 100 Polypen im Darm. Symptome sind meistens Durchfalle und Bauchkrampfe.

Darmpolypen: Symptome

Polypen im Darm verursachen zunachst meist keine Beschwerden. Manchmal konnen Polypen aber auch bluten. Der Betroffene bemerkt dies oft durch rotlich verfarbten Stuhl. Blutet es dauerhaft aus dem Polypen, konnen Symptome einer Blutarmut wie Schwindel und Schwache auftreten. Manche Polypen produzieren Schleim. Die Betroffenen haben dann einen schleimigen Stuhlgang. Durch die Schleimproduktion konnen Wasser, Salze (Elektrolyte) und Eiwei?e verloren gehen. Durchfall und Bauchkrampfe sind dann haufig Symptome. Darmpolypen verursachen in einigen Fallen aber auch Verstopfungen.

Darmpolypen: Ursachen und Risikofaktoren

Darmpolypen kommen in der westlichen Welt viel haufiger vor als beispielsweise in den asiatischen Landern. Daher geht man davon aus, dass der westliche Lebensstil die Entstehung von Darmpolypen fordert. Dazu gehort das sehr fettige und zuckerreiche Essen, ein hoher Alkoholkonsum und Nikotin. Auch mangelnde Bewegung soll eine Rolle bei der Entstehung von Darmpolypen spielen. Des Weiteren wird genetischen Faktoren ein gro?er Einfluss zugesprochen.

Die Dickdarmschleimhaut erneuert sich regelma?ig. Dabei werden alte Schleimhautzellen abgebaut und neue Zellen vermehren sich. Sie bilden eine neue Schleimhaut. Bei der Vermehrung konnen aber kleine Fehler (Mutationen) im Erbmaterial entstehen. Durch bestimmte Mutationen konnen sich die Wachstumseigenschaften der Schleimhautzellen verandern. Sie vermehren sich beispielsweise unkontrolliert. Dadurch entstehen Darmpolypen. Wenn Darmpolypen sehr lange bestehen, kann sich aus ihren ohnehin geschadigten Zellen auch ein Darmkrebs entwickeln. Daher sollten Darmpolypen vorbeugend entfernt werden.

Darmpolypen: genetische Faktoren

Manchmal kann die Tendenz, Polypen im Darm zu bilden, vererbt werden. In diesem Fall werden bestimmte Gene, die einen Defekt aufweisen an die Nachkommen weitergegeben. Es wachsen dann schon sehr viel fruher im Leben Polypen. Das Risiko, an Darmkrebs zu erkranken, ist erhoht.

Darmpolypen bei familiarer adenomatoser Polyposis (FAP)

Bei der seltenen familiaren adenomatosen Polyposis (FAP) wachsen im gesamten Darm Polypen mit Schleimhautdrusen (adenomatose Darmpolypen). Es handelt sich um eine Genmutation, die weitervererbt werden kann. Die Betroffenen sind zu dieser Zeit meist noch im Teenageralter und haben haufig keine Beschwerden. Erst mit den Jahren stellen sich Symptome wie Bauchschmerzen, Durchfalle, Gewichtsverlust, Blahungen oder blutig-schleimige Stuhlgange ein. Nach einigen Jahren entwickelt sich haufig ein Darmkrebs aus den Darmpolypen. Au?erdem kommen bei dieser Erkrankung unregelma?ige Zahnstrukturen, Veranderungen der Augenpigmentierung und gelegentlich Polypen im Magen und Geschwulste in Knochen vor. Das Risiko an Schilddrusenkrebs zu erkranken, ist leicht erhoht. Menschen, die Angehorige mit dieser Erkrankung haben, sollten regelma?ig ihren Darm kontrollieren lassen. Es ist weiterhin moglich, die Angehorigen auf die FAP-Genmutation zu testen.

MUTYH-assoziierte Polyposis (MAP)

Auch bei der MAP ist ein vererbter Gendefekt die Ursache fur fruh und haufig auftretende Dickdarmpolypen. Die Erkrankung verlauft aber milder als die FAP und die Polypen entwickeln sich spater im Leben. Eltern konnen das mutierte Gen in sich tragen, ohne krank zu sein. Wenn Vater und Mutter jeweils ein mutiertes Gen weitervererben, ist die Gefahr gegeben, dass die Nachkommen erkranken.

Cronkhite-Canada-Syndrom

Bei dem Cronkhite-Canada-Syndrom treten Darmpolypen im gesamten Magen-Darm-Trakt auf. Auf der Haut zeigen sich zusatzlich braunliche Flecken. Finger - und Fu?nagel konnen sich in ihrer Struktur verandern, die Kopfhaare ausfallen. Das Syndrom tritt meist nach dem funfzigsten Lebensjahr auf. Problematisch sind starke Durchfalle, die die Elektrolyte und Eiwei?e aus dem Korper schwemmen. Im Gegensatz zu anderen genetischen Darmpolypen besteht hier kein hoheres Risiko fur Darmkrebs.

Birt-Hogg-Dube-Syndrom

Beim Birt-Hogg-Dube-Syndrom treten zahlreiche Darmpolypen im Dickdarm auf, die sich sehr haufig zu Darmkrebs entwickeln konnen. Zusatzlich treten Tumoren der Haut, Nieren und der Lunge auf.

Hamartomatose Polyposis-Syndrome

Ein hamartomatoses Syndrom kann mit Geschwulsten an nahezu allen Korperregionen einhergehen. Treten im Rahmen eines solchen Syndroms Darmpolypen auf, ist das Risiko fur Darmkrebs erhoht. Meistens tritt die Erkrankung schon in jungen Jahren auf. Beispielsweise wird das sogenannte Peutz-Jeghers-Syndrom etwa im 35. Lebensjahr diagnostiziert, weil die Polypen haufig zu einem Darmverschluss fuhren. Die Erkrankung geht mit einem hohen Risiko fur Bauchspeicheldrusenkrebs oder Eierstockkrebs einher.

Darmpolypen: Untersuchungen und Diagnose

Bei Stuhlbeschwerden oder im Rahmen der Darmkrebsvorsorge sollte ein Arzt fur Gastroenterologie aufgesucht werden. In den meisten Fallen ist es gewunscht mit „leerem Magen“ zum Arzt zu kommen, da so die Bauchorgane besser beurteilt werden konnen. Der Arzt wird zunachst einige Fragen stellen, um Hinweise auf die Darmgesundheit seines Patienten zu erhalten:

Leiden oder litten Sie unter Verstopfung, Durchfall oder unregelma?igem Stuhlgang?

Haben Sie bemerkt, dass Ihr Stuhl blutig oder schleimig ist?

Gibt es Darmerkrankungen in Ihrer Familie?

Haben Sie in den letzten Wochen und Monaten ungewollt an Gewicht verloren?

Im Anschluss folgt die korperliche Untersuchung. Mit dem Stethoskop kann der Arzt Darmgerausche horen. Dann tastet er den Bauch nach moglichen Verhartungen ab. Mit einem Ultraschallgerat konnen Darmpolypen im Enddarm dargestellt werden.

Koloskopie (Darmspiegelung)

Da man mit einer Ultraschalluntersuchung nur einen sehr kleinen Abschnitt des Darms beurteilen kann, wird meistens eine Koloskopie durchgefuhrt. Am Tag vor der Untersuchung muss in der Regel ein Abfuhrmittel eingenommen werden. Dabei wird ein flexibler Schlauch mit Kamera (Koloskop) in den Darm eingefuhrt und vorgeschoben. Wird ein Polyp im Darm entdeckt, kann er direkt entfernt werden. Anschlie?end wird das Gewebe im Labor untersucht.

Abdomen-MRT

Polypen im Dunndarm konnen manchmal in einer sogenannten Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) sichtbar gemacht werden. Bei einer MRT werden viele einzelne Schnittbilder vom Darm angefertigt. Dazu muss man etwa zwanzig Minuten in einer Rohre liegen. Uber verschiedene Magnetresonanzen errechnet ein Computer im Anschluss die Bilder des Darms.

Videokapsel-Endoskopie

Bei der Videokapsel-Endoskopie wird eine kleine Kapsel mit einer Kamera geschluckt. Wahrend sie durch den Verdauungstrakt wandert, nimmt sie Bilder von der Darmschleimhaut auf. Hat die Kapsel den gesamten Darm passiert, wird sie mit dem Stuhl ausgeschieden. Diese konnen anschlie?end auf dem Computer ausgewertet werden. Da diese Untersuchung sehr zeitaufwendig und teuer ist, wird sie nicht bei jedem gewohnlichen Darmpolypen durchgefuhrt.

Vorsorge

Da Darmpolypen und Darmkrebs keine seltenen Erkrankungen sind, wird fur jeden Menschen in Deutschland ab dem funfzigsten Lebensjahr eine Koloskopie zur Vorsorge angeboten und von den Krankenkassen bezahlt. Alle zehn Jahre sollte die Koloskopie wiederholt werden. Bei Beschwerden oder bei einem erhohten Risiko fur Darmerkrankungen wird sie haufiger durchgefuhrt.

Auch ein sogenannter Hamoccult-Test gehort zur Vorsorge. Hierbei wird mittels eines Teststreifens festgestellt, ob sich Blut im Stuhl befindet. Man wiederholt den Test im Rahmen der Darmkrebsvorsorge einmal jahrlich.

Darmpolypen: Behandlung

Da ein Darmpolyp in Krebs ubergehen kann, sollte er, wenn man ihn entdeckt hat, entfernt werden. Kleinere Darmpolypen konnen in einer Koloskopie abgetragen werden. Gro?ere Polypen mussen manchmal in einer Operation durch die Bauchdecke entfernt werden. In seltenen Fallen wird ein ganzes Darmstuck entfernt. Bei Menschen, die unter einer genetischen Polypose leiden und ein sehr hohes Risiko fur Darmkrebs haben, wird der Dickdarm manchmal vorsorglich entfernt.

Darmpolypen: Krankheitsverlauf und Prognose

Ein Polyp ist eigentlich ein gutartiger Darmtumor. Bleibt er allerdings uber langere Zeit bestehen, kann er sich zu einem Darmkrebs entwickeln und gefahrlich werden. Im Schnitt dauert es funf bis zehn Jahre, bis aus einem Adenom ein Darmkrebs entsteht. Je gro?er Polypen sind, desto gro?er ist die Gefahr, dass Darmpolypen bosartig werden.

Nach einer Polypen-Abtragung besteht die Gefahr, dass es aus der Abtragungsstelle blutet. Daher sollte man im Anschluss auf den Stuhlgang achten und regelma?ige Hamoccult-Tests durchfuhren. Manchmal muss man nach der Abtragung zur Beobachtung einen Tag lang im Krankenhaus bleiben. Nach der Behandlung wird nach einem halben Jahr erneut eine Koloskopie durchgefuhrt, dann alle 3 Jahre.

Eine westliche Lebensweise mit fett - und zuckerreicher Kost, Alkohol und Nikotin scheint die Entstehung von Darmpolypen zu begunstigen. Daher sollte auf eine ausgewogene Ernahrung geachtet und Alkohol und Nikotin nur in Ma?en genossen werden.

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Luxazone Brand names, Luxazone Analogs

Luxazone Brand Names Mixture

Ak Trol Suspension (Dexamethasone + Neomycin Sulfate + Polymyxin B Sulfate)

Ciprodex (Ciprofloxacin (Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride) + Dexamethasone)

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Maxitrol (Dexamethasone + Neomycin (Neomycin Sulfate) + Polymyxin B Sulfate)

Maxitrol Ont (Dexamethasone + Neomycin (Neomycin Sulfate) + Polymyxin B Sulfate)

Naquasone Bolus (Dexamethasone + Trichlormethiazide)

Naquasone Inj (Dexamethasone + Trichlormethiazide)

Neodecadron Eye Ear Soln 0.1% (Dexamethasone Phosphate (Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate) + Neomycin Sulfate)

Pendamine (Chlorpheniramine Maleate + Dexamethasone + Dihydrostreptomycin Sulfate + Penicillin G Procaine)

Sandoz Opticort (Dexamethasone (Dexamethasone Sodium Metasulphobenzoate) + Framycetin Sulfate + Gramicidin)

Septomixine Forte (Dexamethasone + Halethazole Tartrate + Neomycin (Neomycin Sulfate) + Polymyxin B Sulfate + Tyrothricin)

Sofracort Ear/Eye Ointment (Dexamethasone + Framycetin Sulfate + Gramicidin)

Sofracort Eye/Ear Drops (Dexamethasone Sodium Metasulphobenzoate + Framycetin Sulfate + Gramicidin)

Sofracort Sterile Ear/Eye Drops (Dexamethasone (Dexamethasone Sodium Metasulphobenzoate) + Framycetin Sulfate + Gramicidin)

Sofracort Sterile Ear/Eye Ointment (Dexamethasone + Framycetin Sulfate + Gramicidin)

Tobradex Oph Ointment (Dexamethasone + Tobramycin)

Tobradex Oph Sus (Dexamethasone + Tobramycin)

Tresaderm Dermatologic Solution (Dexamethasone + Neomycin (Neomycin Sulfate) + Thiabendazole)

Luxazone Chemical_Formula

Luxazone RX_link

Luxazone fda sheet

Luxazone msds (material safety sheet)

Luxazone Synthesis Reference

Chemerda et al.; U. S. Pat. 2,939,873 (1960)

Luxazone Molecular Weight

Luxazone Melting Point

Luxazone H 2 O Solubility

Luxazone State

Luxazone LogP

Luxazone Dosage Forms

Drops; Elixir; Implant; Liquid; Ointment; Powder; Solution; Tablet

Luxazone Indication

Injection: for the treatment of endocrine disorders, rheumatic D=disorders, collagen diseases, dermatologic diseases, allergic statesc, ophthalmic diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, respiratory diseases, hematologic disorders, neoplastic diseases, edematous states, cerebral edema.

Luxazone Pharmacology

Dexamethasone and its derivatives, dexamethasone sodium phosphate and dexamethasone acetate, are synthetic glucocorticoids. Used for its antiinflammatory or immunosuppressive properties and ability to penetrate the CNS, dexamethasone is used alone to manage cerebral edema and with tobramycin to treat corticosteroid-responsive inflammatory ocular conditions.

Luxazone Absorption

Luxazone side effects and Toxicity

Oral, rat LD 50 . >3 gm/kg. Signs of overdose include retinal toxicity, glaucoma, subcapsular cataract, gastrointestinal bleeding, pancreatitis, aseptic bone necrosis, osteoporosis, myopathies, obesity, edemas, hypertension, proteinuria, diabetes, sleep disturbances, psychiatric syndromes, delayed wound healing, atrophy and fragility of the skin, ecchymosis, and pseudotumor cerebri.

Luxazone Patient Information

Luxazone Organisms Affected

Humans and other mammals

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Froxime General Information

Froxime (generic name: cefuroxime axetil; brand names include: Zinacef / Bacticef / Cefasun / Cefudura / Cefuhexal / Cefurax / Cefutil / Cetil / Froxime / Elobact / Oraxim / Zinnat) belongs to a group of medicines known as cephalosporin antibiotics.

Froxime is used to treat various bacterial infections including infections of the throat, lungs and ears; skin and skin structure infections; and urinary tract infections.

Froxime is also used to treat uncomplicated gonorrhea and Lyme disease.

Froxime Recommendations

Follow the directions for using this medicine provided by your doctor. Take Froxime exactly as directed.

The usual adult dosage is 250-500 mg twice daily, depending on the patient's age, condition, and other factors.

Froxime Precautions

Tell your doctor before taking Froxime, if:

you are allergic to any medicines; you have any serious medical conditions; you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Froxime Ingredients

Active ingredient: cefuroxime axetil.

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Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. For assistance, please send e-mail to: mmwrq@cdc. gov. Type 508 Accommodation and the title of the report in the subject line of e-mail.

Lead Poisoning from Mexican Folk Remedies -- California

In May 1982, a 15-month-old California child and his 3-year-old sibling were treated in Mexico with multiple doses of azarcon (lead tetroxide) for chronic diarrhea that had been unsuccessfully treated with ampicillin. In June, the children were taken to a San Diego hospital where the younger child was found to have a blood lead level measurement of 124 ug/dl; the 3-year-old expired with seizures. It was not known whether an autopsy was performed, but azarcon-induced lead encephalopathy was suspected as a cause of death.

Because of these cases, in June 1982, the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services surveyed residents of six predominantly Hispanic, geographically representative census tracts in an attempt to estimate exposure to and knowledge of azarcon and greta (lead oxide). A total of 545 systematically selected households were included. Familiarity with the substances was greatest among Mexican-Hispanics, and prior use was exclusive to this group. Respondents in approximately one-quarter of Mexican-Hispanic households were familiar with one or both of the substances by means other than media announcements. An estimated 7.2%-12.1% of Mexican-Hispanic families admitted prior use from "years ago" to within the past month. One respondent provided interviewers with azarcon from the family medicine cabinet. Since investigators noted a reluctance to admit using azarcon or greta, the incidence of ingestion might have been greater than results of the survey indicated.

A Colorado survey in June-September 1982 among Texas farm workers showed that 7.0% of 100 migrant children under 12 years of age had been treated with substances called azarcon or greta at some time for gastrointestinal illness. Other states with migrant populations, such as Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, are presently investigating the problem. Reported by T Sankury, MD, Northridge, D Cooper, MD, R Bradley, Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center, S Fong-Huie, MPH, A Guzman, L Habel, MPH, W Janer, L Lieb, MPH, A Martinez, MPH, L Portigal, MS, G Ramirez, F Sorvillo, MPH, B Weiss, MPH, Los Angeles County Dept of Health Svcs, D Dassey, MD, Riverside County Health Dept, T Kearney, PharmD, Regional Poison Center, M Ginsberg, MD, San Diego County Health Dept, R Schlag, R Murray, DrPh, J Chin, MD, State Epidemiologist, California Dept of Health Svcs; A Ackerman, PhD, Sunrise Community Health Center, Colorado; W Meister, MD, West Michigan Poison Control Center, J Miller, Migrant and Rural Health Association, Michigan; V Boersma, MD, D Bol, Holland Migrant Health Clinic, L Truskowski, K Higgins, A Scheit, L del Rio, Kenosha Health Dept, Wisconsin; R Trotter, PhD, Pan American University, IG Gosset, MD, Pan American Health Organization, El Paso, Texas; HF Newman, MD, US Food and Drug Administration, Texas; R Tyler, Women and Infant Care Program, Dept of Health and Human Svcs, Chicago, Illinois.

Editorial Note

Editorial Note: In summer 1981, the first cases of lead poisoning associated with the Mexican folk remedy, azarcon, were identified in Los Angeles, California, and Colorado (1,2). Since that time, nine additional confirmed cases associated with the ingestion of azarcon or the related remedy, greta, have been reported in California. In addition, five cases have been reported from Michigan and Wisconsin.

Greta and azarcon are fine powders with total lead contents varying from 70% to greater than 90%. As powder, they provide a large surface area for potential absorption. These remedies apparently are most often administered to infants and children, who are the most susceptible in terms of clinical impact and the capacity to absorb lead.

With the identification of multiple cases of lead poisoning and indication of significant exposure, major media efforts publicizing the dangers of azarcon and greta have been directed at Hispanic communities in California. Until recently, these substances were available at herb shops and from folk healers on both sides of the Mexican-American border. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has initiated a national recall of greta, and a reported 25 pounds of the substance was recently seized in southern Texas. The FDA is currently investigating the sale of greta in the Yakima Valley of Washington State. Mexican health authorities have reportedly instituted recall efforts in Baja California, Mexico. Mexican-American border. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has initiated a national recall of greta, and a reported 25 pounds of the substance was recently seized in southern Texas. The FDA is currently investigating the sale of greta in the Yakima Valley of Washington State. Mexican health authorities have reportedly instituted recall efforts in Baja California, Mexico.

Health professionals are urged to report cases of azarcon - or greta-associated lead poisonings and to promote educational programs in their Hispanic communities regarding the dangers of these folk remedies. Health education material in Spanish and English is available from the State of California and Los Angeles County Departments of Health Services and from the Sunrise Community Health Center, P. O. Box 245, Greely, Colorado 80632.

References

CDC. Use of lead tetroxide as a folk remedy for gastrointestinal illness. MMWR 1981;30:546-7.

CDC. Lead poisoning from lead tetroxide used as a folk remedy--Colorado. MMWR 1981;30:647-8.

Disclaimer All MMWR HTML documents published before January 1993 are electronic conversions from ASCII text into HTML. This conversion may have resulted in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users should not rely on this HTML document, but are referred to the original MMWR paper copy for the official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

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Lactulose Brands, Medical Use, Clinical Data, Lattulosio

Active ingredient: Lactulose - Brands, Medical Use, Clinical Data

Drug Category

Gastrointestinal Agents

Acilac; Bifiteral; Cephulac; Cholac; Chronulac; Constilac; Constulose ; D-Lactulose; Duphalac; Enulose; Evalose; Fructofuranose; Generlac ; Heptalac; Isolactose; Kristalose ; Lactulosa [INN-Spanish]; Lactulosa [Spanish]; Lactulose [USAN:BAN:INN:JAN]; Lactulose,

98%; Lactulosum [INN-Latin]; Lactulosum [Latin]; Laevolac; Lattulosio [Italian]; Laxilose; Portalac

For the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy.

Therapeutically, lactulose has laxative and ammonia-detoxifying actions. In treating constipation lactulose metabolites draw water into the bowel, causing a cathartic effect through osmotic action.

Mechanism of Action

Lactulose is a synthetic sugar used in the treatment of constipation and liver disease. It consists of the monosaccharides fructose and galactose. In the colon, lactulose is broken down primarily to lactic acid, and also to small amounts of formic and acetic acids, by the action of via evolved-beta galactosidase from colonic bacteria, which results in an increase in osmotic pressure and slight acidification of the colonic contents. This in turn causes an increase in stool water content and softens the stool. In treating heptic diseases (hepatic encephalopathy) it is thought that lactulose draws out ammonia from the body in the same way that it draws out water into the colon.

Poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract as no human enzyme that is capable of hydrolysis of this disaccharide is present in human gastrointestinal tissue.

LD 50 =18.2 g/kg (oral, rat). Side effects include diarrhea and resultant dehydration.

Biotrnasformation / Drug Metabolism

Lactulose is completely metabolized in the colon by enteric bacteria, and no lactulose is excreted in the feces.

Since KRISTALOSE™ (Lactulose) for Oral Solution contains galactose (less than 0.3 g/10 g as a total sum with lactose), it is contraindicated in patients who require a low galactose diet.

Results of preliminary studies in humans and rats suggest that nonabsorbable antacids given concurrently with lactulose may inhibit the desired lactulose-induced drop in colonic pH. Therefore, a possible lack of desired effect of treatment should be taken into consideration before such drugs are given concomitantly with lactulose.

Atorlip (Atorvastatin Calcium) - United Pharmacies, Atorlip

Atorlip

* Our best price. $ 11.90

Atorlip (Atorvastatin Calcium) is classified as a statin and it works by selectively inhibiting the enzyme (HMG-CoA reductase) that plays a central role in the production of cholesterol. This leads to a reduction in the amount of cholesterol synthesized by the liver and a lowering of the lipoproteins and cholesterol circulating in the blood.

Brand Name : Atorlip Active Ingredients : Atorvastatin Manufacturer : Cipla Country of Origin : India Intended Patient : Unisex

Description

Atorlip (Atorvastatin Calcium) is classified as a statin and it works by selectively inhibiting the enzyme (HMG-CoA reductase) that plays a central role in the production of cholesterol. This leads to a reduction in the amount of cholesterol synthesized by the liver and a lowering of the lipoproteins and cholesterol circulating in the blood. It is commonly used to prevent cardiovascular disease in patients said to exhibit risk factors (age, medical history, smoking or other factors) and to lower the risk of stroke and other serious problems. Patients affected by hyperlipidaemia may also be treated with this medicine (in combination with dietary improvements), so as to help lower cholesterol levels.

Dosage and Administration

Atorlip (Atorvastatin Calcium) comes as 5mg, 10mg and 20mg strength film coated tablets. The dosage needed may differ depending on why the tablets are taken. Patients taking this medicine for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or the treatment of hyperlipidaemia may be instructed by their physician to take a dosage that could range from 10mg to 80mg per day, and it can be taken with or without food. It is possible that the physician may adjust the dosage, which will usually take place at 2 to 4 week intervals.

Should you appear to suffer from any side effects during treatment with Atorlip (Atorvastatin Calcium) tablets, go to see your physician and report all details relating to the reactions. Examples can include:

Vertigo

Loose stools

Digestive upset and flatulence

Sore sensation affecting the joints

Pain in the muscles that is mild in nature

You will require immediate medical assistance and possibly treatment if you suffer from severe fatigue, problems related to your memory function, dark discoloration of urine, low energy levels, bruising or any other severe adverse events which have not been referenced here.

There may be a risk of rhabdomyolysis or myopathy associated with Atorlip (Atorvastatin Calcium) in rare cases. Should you experience continuous or severe muscle soreness and weakness, go to see your physician straight away.

Things which your physician will advise you to avoid during treatment include foods which contain high amounts of cholesterol, alcohol and grapefruit (or any juices containing it). Discuss in full with your physician all of the things that need to be avoided during treatment.

Mfs® Emerging Markets Equity Fund (Memax), Memax

MFS® Emerging Markets Equity Fund

About MEMAX

The investment seeks capital appreciation. The fund normally invests at least 80% of its net assets in equity securities of issuers that are tied economically to emerging market countries. Emerging market countries include countries located in Latin America, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and developing countries of Europe, primarily Eastern Europe. The adviser may also invest in equity securities of issuers that are not tied economically to emerging market countries.

Rankings

U. S. News evaluated 896 Diversified Emerging Mkts Funds. Our list highlights the top-rated funds for long-term investors based on the ratings of leading fund industry researchers.

MEMAX is listed as:

Scorecard

Trailing Total Returns Monthly

MSCI ACWI Ex USA NR USD

Performance

The fund has returned -8.88 percent over the past year, -3.46 percent over the past three years, -4.94 percent over the past five years, and 1.63 percent over the past decade.

Fees

Fees are Average compared to funds in the same category. MFS® Emerging Markets Equity Fund has an expense ratio of 1.66 percent.

Net Expense Ratio

Category average: 1.52

Category average: 0.99

Risk

Risk is Below Average compared to funds in the same category according to Morningstar.

Volatility Measurements

Volitility measures reflect the uncertainty or risk of change in a security's value.

Standard Deviation. 15.149

Veterans Retraining Assistance Program, Verap

Veterans Retraining Assistance Program

Solving the Veteran Unemployment Crisis

Far too many of America's veterans are out of work. While there are many factors that have contributed to the current veterans unemployment rate hovering around 8%, the current state of the economy is the biggest hurdle. For veterans to find long-term careers, they need the tools to be competitive in today’s job market – and for the foreseeable future.

That is why this past November the House and Senate passed – and the President signed into law – the VOW to Hire Heroes Act of 2011. The centerpiece of this legislation is the Veterans Retraining and Assistance Program (VRAP). VRAP will provide nearly 100,000 unemployed veterans, between the ages of 35-60, up to 12 months of Montgomery GI Bill benefits (currently $1,473 per month) to retrain for an in-demand job .

To Apply for VRAP, You Must Be:

At least 35 but no more than 60 years old

Unemployed on the date of application

Received an other than dishonorable discharge

Are not eligible for any other VA education benefit program (e. g. the Post-9/11 GI Bill, Montgomery GI Bill, Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Assistance)

Are not in receipt of VA compensation at the 100% rate due to individual unemployability

Are not enrolled in a federal or state job training program in the previous 6 months.

Frequently Asked Questions: VRAP Extension

The VOW to Hire Heroes Act

According to the Labor Department, there are 3.4 million job openings right now in the United States. Yet, many employers are finding that workers do not have the skills or training they need to qualify for them.

In May, there were nearly 900,000 unemployed veterans in the United States – a staggering figure. The latest Department of Labor unemployment report shows the average unemployment rate among all veterans was 7.7% and 12.1% for veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Equally troubling, veterans between the ages of 35 and 64, the group with the highest financial obligations and the fewest available VA education and training options, continue to make up nearly two-thirds of all unemployed veterans. Overall, nearly one in twelve of our nation’s heroes don’t have an income that provides stability for them and their families, and don’t have work that provides them with the confidence and pride that is so critical.

The VOW to Hire Heroes Act is bipartisan, bicameral, comprehensive legislation that would lower the rate of unemployment among our nation’s veterans. This bill combines provisions of Chairman Miller’s Veterans Opportunity to Work (VOW) Act – which passed the House on October 12, 2011 – (H. R. 2433; Report #112-242 ), and Senate Veterans Affairs Committee Chairman Murray’s Hiring Heroes Act (S. 951; Report #112-36 ). Learn more .

Comprehensive Legislation That:

Expands Education & Training . To begin moving veterans out of the unemployment lines, the VOW to Hire Heroes Act of 2011 provides nearly 100,000 unemployed veterans of past eras and wars with up to 1-year of additional Montgomery GI Bill benefits to qualify for jobs in high-demand sectors, from trucking to technology. It also provides disabled veterans who have exhausted their unemployment benefits up to 1-year of additional VA Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment benefits.

Improves the Transition Assistance Program (TAP) . Too many service members don’t participate in TAP and enter civilian life without a basic understanding of how to compete in a tight job market. Therefore, the VOW to Hire Heroes Act makes TAP mandatory for most service members transitioning to civilian status, upgrades career counseling options and job hunting skills, and ensures the program is tailored to individuals’ need in the 21st Century job market.

Facilitates Federal Employment: Getting a federal civil service job can often take months which often forces a veteran to seek unemployment benefits. To shorten the time to start a federal job after discharge, the VOW Act allows service members to begin the federal employment process by acquiring veterans preference status prior to separation . This facilitates a more seamless transition to civil service jobs at VA, or the many other federal agencies that would benefit from hiring our veterans.

Translates Military Skills and Training: This bill also requires the Department of Labor to take a hard look at how to translate military skills and training to civilian sector jobs, and will work to make it easier to get the licenses and certification our veterans need.

Offers Veterans Tax Credits: The VOW to Hire Heroes Act provides tax credits for hiring veterans and disabled veterans who are out of work.

More About VRAP

In conjunction with Military. com, the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs held an online to chat to answer questions about VRAP. Cllck on the link below to learn more about VRAP and how you can apply.

Press

Related Links

Danazol - Woman S Health, Danasin

Danazol is used to treat a number of different medical problems. These include:

Endometriosis;

Fibrocystic breast disease (cysts in the breasts);

Hereditary angioedema (swelling of the different parts of the body, such as abdomen or stomach, arms, legs, throat, skin, or sexual organs.

It is very important that you use danazol only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may cause unwanted side effects.

You must start taking danazol while you are having your monthly period.

In order for danazol to help you, it must be taken regularly for the full time of treatment as ordered by your doctor.

If you miss a dose of danazol, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

The dose of danazol will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of danazol. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine. For oral dosage form (capsules): For treatment of mild endometriosis: Adults—At first, 200 to 400 milligrams (mg), divided in two doses, for at least 3 to 6 months and up to 9 months. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For treatment of moderate to severe endometriosis: Adults—At first, 800 milligrams (mg) per day, divided in two doses, for at least 3 to 6 months and up to 9 months. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For treatment of fibrocystic breast disease: Adults—100 to 400 milligrams (mg) per day, divided in two doses. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For prevention of hereditary angioedema: Adults—At first, 200 milligrams (mg) two or three times a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and depending upon your condition. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing. Keep out of the reach of children. Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that danazol does not cause unwanted effects. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Using danazol while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. If you are a woman who can bear children, your doctor may give you a pregnancy test before you start using danazol to make sure you are not pregnant. Your birth control pills may not work as well while you are using danazol. You must use an effective form of birth control (e. g. a condom, a diaphragm, spermicide) to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away.

Using danazol may cause irregular monthly periods or absence of menstrual period. If your regular monthly period does not begin within 60 to 90 days after you stop taking danazol, check with your doctor right away.

Check with your doctor right away if you are a female and have a larger clitoris (sexual organ), deepening of your voice, or unusual hair growth after taking danazol. Your doctor may advise you to stop taking the medicine so these side effects do not get worse.

Stop using danazol and check with your doctor if you have the following symptoms while taking danazol: blurred vision; change in the ability to see colors, especially blue or yellow; headache; nausea; or vomiting.

For patients with diabetes: danazol may affect blood sugar levels. If you notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests, check with your doctor.

Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking danazol. The results of some tests may be affected by danazol.

Danazol may rarely cause your skin to be more sensitive to sunlight than it is normally. Exposure to sunlight, even for brief periods of time, may cause a skin rash, itching, redness, or other discoloration of the skin, or a severe sunburn. Check with your doctor if this occurs.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor.

Androgen like effects include weight gain, acne and seborrhea. Mild hirsutism, edema, hair loss, voice change, which may take the form of hoarseness, sore throat or of instability or deepening of pitch, may occur and may persist after cessation of therapy. Hypertrophy of the clitoris is rare.

Other possible endocrine effects include menstrual disturbances in the form of spotting, alteration of the timing of the cycle and amenorrhea. Although cyclical bleeding and ovulation usually return within 60-90 days after discontinuation of therapy with Danazol, persistent amenorrhea has occasionally been reported.

Flushing, sweating, vaginal dryness and irritation and reduction in breast size, may reflect lowering of estrogen. Nervousness and emotional lability have been reported. In the male a modest reduction in spermatogenesis may be evident during treatment. Abnormalities in semen volume, viscosity, sperm count, and motility may occur in patients receiving long-term therapy.

Hepatic dysfunction, as evidenced by reversible elevated serum enzymes and/or jaundice, has been reported in patients receiving a daily dosage of Danazol of 400 mg or more. It is recommended that patients receiving Danazol be monitored for hepatic dysfunction by laboratory tests and clinical observation. Serious hepatic toxicity including cholestatic jaundice, peliosis hepatis, and hepatic adenoma have been reported.

Danazol is used to treat a number of different medical problems. These include:

Endometriosis;

Fibrocystic breast disease (cysts in the breasts);

Hereditary angioedema (swelling of the different parts of the body, such as abdomen or stomach, arms, legs, throat, skin, or sexual organs.

It is very important that you use danazol only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may cause unwanted side effects.

You must start taking danazol while you are having your monthly period.

In order for danazol to help you, it must be taken regularly for the full time of treatment as ordered by your doctor.

If you miss a dose of danazol, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

The dose of danazol will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of danazol. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine. For oral dosage form (capsules): For treatment of mild endometriosis: Adults—At first, 200 to 400 milligrams (mg), divided in two doses, for at least 3 to 6 months and up to 9 months. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For treatment of moderate to severe endometriosis: Adults—At first, 800 milligrams (mg) per day, divided in two doses, for at least 3 to 6 months and up to 9 months. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For treatment of fibrocystic breast disease: Adults—100 to 400 milligrams (mg) per day, divided in two doses. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For prevention of hereditary angioedema: Adults—At first, 200 milligrams (mg) two or three times a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and depending upon your condition. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing. Keep out of the reach of children. Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that danazol does not cause unwanted effects. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Using danazol while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. If you are a woman who can bear children, your doctor may give you a pregnancy test before you start using danazol to make sure you are not pregnant. Your birth control pills may not work as well while you are using danazol. You must use an effective form of birth control (e. g. a condom, a diaphragm, spermicide) to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away.

Using danazol may cause irregular monthly periods or absence of menstrual period. If your regular monthly period does not begin within 60 to 90 days after you stop taking danazol, check with your doctor right away.

Check with your doctor right away if you are a female and have a larger clitoris (sexual organ), deepening of your voice, or unusual hair growth after taking danazol. Your doctor may advise you to stop taking the medicine so these side effects do not get worse.

Stop using danazol and check with your doctor if you have the following symptoms while taking danazol: blurred vision; change in the ability to see colors, especially blue or yellow; headache; nausea; or vomiting.

For patients with diabetes: danazol may affect blood sugar levels. If you notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests, check with your doctor.

Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking danazol. The results of some tests may be affected by danazol.

Danazol may rarely cause your skin to be more sensitive to sunlight than it is normally. Exposure to sunlight, even for brief periods of time, may cause a skin rash, itching, redness, or other discoloration of the skin, or a severe sunburn. Check with your doctor if this occurs.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor.

Androgen like effects include weight gain, acne and seborrhea. Mild hirsutism, edema, hair loss, voice change, which may take the form of hoarseness, sore throat or of instability or deepening of pitch, may occur and may persist after cessation of therapy. Hypertrophy of the clitoris is rare.

Other possible endocrine effects include menstrual disturbances in the form of spotting, alteration of the timing of the cycle and amenorrhea. Although cyclical bleeding and ovulation usually return within 60-90 days after discontinuation of therapy with Danazol, persistent amenorrhea has occasionally been reported.

Flushing, sweating, vaginal dryness and irritation and reduction in breast size, may reflect lowering of estrogen. Nervousness and emotional lability have been reported. In the male a modest reduction in spermatogenesis may be evident during treatment. Abnormalities in semen volume, viscosity, sperm count, and motility may occur in patients receiving long-term therapy.

Hepatic dysfunction, as evidenced by reversible elevated serum enzymes and/or jaundice, has been reported in patients receiving a daily dosage of Danazol of 400 mg or more. It is recommended that patients receiving Danazol be monitored for hepatic dysfunction by laboratory tests and clinical observation. Serious hepatic toxicity including cholestatic jaundice, peliosis hepatis, and hepatic adenoma have been reported.

Danazol is used to treat a number of different medical problems. These include:

Endometriosis;

Fibrocystic breast disease (cysts in the breasts);

Hereditary angioedema (swelling of the different parts of the body, such as abdomen or stomach, arms, legs, throat, skin, or sexual organs.

It is very important that you use danazol only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may cause unwanted side effects.

You must start taking danazol while you are having your monthly period.

In order for danazol to help you, it must be taken regularly for the full time of treatment as ordered by your doctor.

If you miss a dose of danazol, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

The dose of danazol will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of danazol. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine. For oral dosage form (capsules): For treatment of mild endometriosis: Adults—At first, 200 to 400 milligrams (mg), divided in two doses, for at least 3 to 6 months and up to 9 months. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For treatment of moderate to severe endometriosis: Adults—At first, 800 milligrams (mg) per day, divided in two doses, for at least 3 to 6 months and up to 9 months. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For treatment of fibrocystic breast disease: Adults—100 to 400 milligrams (mg) per day, divided in two doses. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. For prevention of hereditary angioedema: Adults—At first, 200 milligrams (mg) two or three times a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and depending upon your condition. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing. Keep out of the reach of children. Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that danazol does not cause unwanted effects. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Using danazol while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. If you are a woman who can bear children, your doctor may give you a pregnancy test before you start using danazol to make sure you are not pregnant. Your birth control pills may not work as well while you are using danazol. You must use an effective form of birth control (e. g. a condom, a diaphragm, spermicide) to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away.

Using danazol may cause irregular monthly periods or absence of menstrual period. If your regular monthly period does not begin within 60 to 90 days after you stop taking danazol, check with your doctor right away.

Check with your doctor right away if you are a female and have a larger clitoris (sexual organ), deepening of your voice, or unusual hair growth after taking danazol. Your doctor may advise you to stop taking the medicine so these side effects do not get worse.

Stop using danazol and check with your doctor if you have the following symptoms while taking danazol: blurred vision; change in the ability to see colors, especially blue or yellow; headache; nausea; or vomiting.

For patients with diabetes: danazol may affect blood sugar levels. If you notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests, check with your doctor.

Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking danazol. The results of some tests may be affected by danazol.

Danazol may rarely cause your skin to be more sensitive to sunlight than it is normally. Exposure to sunlight, even for brief periods of time, may cause a skin rash, itching, redness, or other discoloration of the skin, or a severe sunburn. Check with your doctor if this occurs.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor.

Androgen like effects include weight gain, acne and seborrhea. Mild hirsutism, edema, hair loss, voice change, which may take the form of hoarseness, sore throat or of instability or deepening of pitch, may occur and may persist after cessation of therapy. Hypertrophy of the clitoris is rare.

Other possible endocrine effects include menstrual disturbances in the form of spotting, alteration of the timing of the cycle and amenorrhea. Although cyclical bleeding and ovulation usually return within 60-90 days after discontinuation of therapy with Danazol, persistent amenorrhea has occasionally been reported.

Flushing, sweating, vaginal dryness and irritation and reduction in breast size, may reflect lowering of estrogen. Nervousness and emotional lability have been reported. In the male a modest reduction in spermatogenesis may be evident during treatment. Abnormalities in semen volume, viscosity, sperm count, and motility may occur in patients receiving long-term therapy.

Hepatic dysfunction, as evidenced by reversible elevated serum enzymes and/or jaundice, has been reported in patients receiving a daily dosage of Danazol of 400 mg or more. It is recommended that patients receiving Danazol be monitored for hepatic dysfunction by laboratory tests and clinical observation. Serious hepatic toxicity including cholestatic jaundice, peliosis hepatis, and hepatic adenoma have been reported.

Chloroptic (Chloramphenicol) Drug Information Indications, Dosage And How Supplied - Prescribing Inf

INDICATIONS

Chioramphenicol should be used only in those serious infections for which less potentially dangerous drugs are ineffective or contraindicated. (See Boxed Warning )

Chloroptic (chloramphenicol) is indicated for the treatment of surface ocular infections involving the conjunctiva and/or cornea caused by chloramphenicol-susceptible organisms. Chloramphenicol is active against the following common bacterial eye pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus; streptococci, including Streptococcus pneumoniae. Escherichia coli. Haemophilus influenzea, Klebsiella/Enterobacter species; Moraxella lacunata (Morax-Axenfeld bacillus ); and Neisseria species. Chloramphenicol does not provide adequate coverage against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Serratia marcescens.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

One or two drops 4 to 6 times a day for the first 72 hours should be placed in the lower conjunctival sac. Treatment should be continued for approximately 7 days but should not be continued for more than three weeks without re-evaluation by the prescribing physician.

HOW SUPPLIED

Chloroptic (chloramphenicol ophthalmic solution, USP) is supplied in the following sizes:

2.5 mL - NDC 11980-109-03

7.5 mL - NDC 11980-109-08

NOTE : Refrigerate until dispensed. Then store below 30°C (86F). Discard solution within 21 days from date dispensed.

U. S. Patent 3,702,364 Revised July 2000 ©2000 Allergan, Inc. Irvine, CA 92612

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Last reviewed on RxList: 1/2/2005

INDICATIONS

Chioramphenicol should be used only in those serious infections for which less potentially dangerous drugs are ineffective or contraindicated. (See Boxed Warning )

Chloroptic (chloramphenicol) is indicated for the treatment of surface ocular infections involving the conjunctiva and/or cornea caused by chloramphenicol-susceptible organisms. Chloramphenicol is active against the following common bacterial eye pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus; streptococci, including Streptococcus pneumoniae. Escherichia coli. Haemophilus influenzea, Klebsiella/Enterobacter species; Moraxella lacunata (Morax-Axenfeld bacillus ); and Neisseria species. Chloramphenicol does not provide adequate coverage against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Serratia marcescens.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

One or two drops 4 to 6 times a day for the first 72 hours should be placed in the lower conjunctival sac. Treatment should be continued for approximately 7 days but should not be continued for more than three weeks without re-evaluation by the prescribing physician.

HOW SUPPLIED

Chloroptic (chloramphenicol ophthalmic solution, USP) is supplied in the following sizes:

2.5 mL - NDC 11980-109-03

7.5 mL - NDC 11980-109-08

NOTE : Refrigerate until dispensed. Then store below 30°C (86F). Discard solution within 21 days from date dispensed.

U. S. Patent 3,702,364 Revised July 2000 ©2000 Allergan, Inc. Irvine, CA 92612

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Last reviewed on RxList: 1/2/2005

Buy Darzitil Amoxicillin, Clavulanate Online Without Prescriptions, Darzitil

Augmentin is used for treating infections caused by certain bacteria. Augmentin is a penicillin antibiotic. It works by killing sensitive bacteria.

Use Augmentin as directed by your doctor.

Take Augmentin by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.

To clear up your infection completely, take Augmentin for the full course of treatment. Keep taking it even if you feel better in a few days.

If you miss a dose of Augmentin, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Augmentin.

Store Augmentin at or below 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Augmentin out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium.

Do NOT use Augmentin if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Augmentin or another penicillin antibiotic (eg, ampicillin)

you have a history of liver problems or yellowing of the eyes or skin caused by Augmentin

you have infectious mononucleosis (mono)

you are taking a tetracycline antibiotic (eg, doxycycline)

you have recently received or will be receiving live oral typhoid vaccine.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Augmentin. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have a history of allergies, asthma, hay fever, or hives

if you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, dizziness) to a cephalosporin (eg, cephalexin) or another beta-lactam antibiotic (eg, imipenem)

if you have kidney problems or gonorrhea

if you have a history of liver problems or yellowing of the eyes or skin.

Some medicines may interact with Augmentin. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin) because the risk of bleeding may be increased

Probenecid because it may increase the amount of Augmentin in your blood

Chloramphenicol, macrolide antibiotics (eg, erythromycin), sulfonamides (eg, sulfamethoxazole), or tetracycline antibiotics (eg, doxycycline) because they may decrease Augmentin's effectiveness

Methotrexate because the risk of its side effects may be increased by Augmentin

Live oral typhoid vaccine or hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) because their effectiveness may be decreased by Augmentin.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Augmentin may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Augmentin may cause dizziness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Augmentin with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Augmentin only works against bacteria; it does not treat viral infections (eg, the common cold).

Be sure to use Augmentin for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future.

Long-term or repeated use of Augmentin may cause a second infection. Tell your doctor if signs of a second infection occur. Your medicine may need to be changed to treat this.

Mild diarrhea is common with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea (pseudomembranous colitis) may rarely occur. This may develop while you use the antibiotic or within several months after you stop using it. Contact your doctor right away if stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or bloody stools occur. Do not treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.

Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using Augmentin. To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control (eg, condoms).

Brown, yellow, or gray tooth discoloration has occurred rarely in some patients taking Augmentin. It occurred most often in children. The discoloration was reduced or removed by brushing or dental cleaning in most cases. Contact your doctor if you experience this effect.

Diabetes patients - Augmentin may cause the results of some tests for urine glucose to be wrong. Ask your doctor before you change your diet or the dose of your diabetes medicine.

Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, and complete blood cell counts, may be performed if you use Augmentin for a long period of time. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Augmentin with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially patients with kidney problems.

Use Augmentin with extreme caution in children younger than 10 years old who have diarrhea or an infection of the stomach or bowel.

Augmentin should not be used in children who weigh less than 88 lbs (40 kg); safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Augmentin while you are pregnant. Augmentin is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Augmentin, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Hidantina, Hidantina

Hidantina

Hidantina - General Information

An anticonvulsant that is used in a wide variety of seizures. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Hidantina has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its many adverse effects and interactions with other drugs. [PubChem]

Pharmacology of Hidantina

Hidantina is an antiepileptic drug which can be useful in the treatment of epilepsy. The primary site of action appears to be the motor cortex where spread of seizure activity is inhibited. Hidantina reduces the maximal activity of brain stem centers responsible for the tonic phase of tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures. Hidantina acts to damp the unwanted, runaway brain activity seen in seizure by reducing electrical conductance among brain cells. It lacks the sedation effects associated with phenobarbital. There are some indications that phenytoin has other effects, including anxiety control and mood stabilization, although it has never been approved for those purposes by the FDA.

Hidantina for patients

Patients taking phenytoin should be advised of the importance of adhering strictly to the prescribed dosage regimen, and of informing the physician of any clinical condition in which it is not possible to take the drug orally as prescribed, eg, surgery, etc.

Patients should also be cautioned on the use of other drugs or alcoholic beverages without first seeking the physician's advice.

Patients should be instructed to call their physician if skin rash develops.

The importance of good dental hygiene should be stressed in order to minimize the development of gingival hyperplasia and its complications.

Do not use capsules which are discolored.

Hidantina Interactions

There are many drugs which may increase or decrease phenytoin levels or which phenytoin may affect. Serum level determinations for phenytoin are especially helpful when possible drug interactions are suspected. The most commonly occurring drug interactions are listed below:

1. Drugs which may increase phenytoin serum levels include: acute alcohol intake, amiodarone, chloramphenicol, chlordiazepoxide, diazepam, dicumarol, disulfiram, estrogens, H 2 - antagonists, halothane, isoniazid, methylphenidate, phenothiazines, phenylbutazone, salicylates, succinimides, sulfonamides, tolbutamide, trazodone.

2. Drugs which may decrease phenytoin serum levels include: carbamazepine, chronic alcohol abuse, reserpine, and sucralfate. Moban brand of Molindone Hydrochloride contains calcium ions which interfere with the absorption of phenytoin. Ingestion times of phenytoin and antacid preparations containing calcium should be staggered in patients with low serum phenytoin levels to prevent absorption problems.

3. Drugs which may either increase or decrease phenytoin serum levels include: phenobarbital, sodium valproate, and valproic acid. Similarly, the effect of phenytoin on phenobarbital, valproic acid and sodium valproate serum levels is unpredictable.

4. Although not a true drug interaction, tricyclic antidepressants may precipitate seizures in susceptible patients and phenytoin dosage may need to be adjusted.

5. Drugs whose efficacy is impaired by phenytoin include: corticosteroids, coumarin anticoagulants, digitoxin, doxycycline, estrogens, furosemide, oral contraceptives, quinidine, rifampin, theophylline, vitamin D.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

Phenytoin may cause decreased serum levels of protein-bound iodine (PBI). It may also produce lower than normal values for dexamethasone or metyrapone tests. Phenytoin may cause increased serum levels of glucose, alkaline phosphatase, and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT).

Hidantina Contraindications

Phenytoin is contraindicated in those patients who are hypersensitive to phenytoin or other hydantoins.

Additional information about Hidantina

Hidantina Indication: For the control of generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) and complex partial (psychomotor, temporal lobe) seizures and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during or following neurosurgery. Mechanism Of Action: Hidantina acts on sodium channels on the neuronal cell membrane, limiting the spread of seizure activity and reducing seizure propagation. By promoting sodium efflux from neurons, phenytoin tends to stabilize the threshold against hyperexcitability caused by excessive stimulation or environmental changes capable of reducing membrane sodium gradient. This includes the reduction of post-tetanic potentiation at synapses. Loss of post-tetanic potentiation prevents cortical seizure foci from detonating adjacent cortical areas. Drug Interactions: Not Available Food Interactions: Avoid alcohol. Take with food. Do not take calcium, aluminum, magnesium or Iron supplements within 2 hours of taking this medication. Generic Name: Phenytoin Synonyms: 5,5-Dwufenylohydantoina; Difenilhidantoina [Spanish]; Diphenylhydantoine [French]; Diphenylan Sodium; Diphenylhydantoin; Diphenylhydatanoin; DPH; Fenitoina [INN-Spanish]; Phenytoin Sodium; Phenytoine; Phenytoine [INN-French]; Phenytoinum [INN-Latin]; 5,5-diphenylhydantoin; Dihydantoin Drug Category: Anticonvulsants Drug Type: Small Molecule; Approved Other Brand Names containing Phenytoin: Aleviatin; Antisacer; Auranile; Causoin; Citrullamon; Citrulliamon; Comital; Comitoina; Convul; Danten; Dantinal; Dantoinal; Dantoinal klinos; Dantoine; Denyl; Di-Hydan; Di-Lan; Di-Phetine; Didan TDC 250; Difenilhidantoina; Difenin; Difetoin; Difhydan; Dihycon; Dilabid; Dilantin; Dilantin acid; Dilantin-125; Dilantine; Dillantin; Dintoin; Dintoina; Diphantoin; Diphedal; Diphedan; Diphenat; Diphenin; Diphenine; Diphentoin; Diphentyn; Diphenylan; Ditoinate; Ekko; Elepsindon; Enkelfel; Epamin; Epanutin; Epasmir 5; Epdantoin Simple; Epdantoine simple; Epelin; Epifenyl; Epihydan; Epilan; Epilan D; Epilan-D; Epilantin; Epinat; Epised; Eptal; Eptoin; Fenantoin; Fenidantoin s; Fentoin; Fenylepsin; Fenytoin Dak; Fenytoine; Gerot-epilan-D; Hidan; Hidantal; Hidantilo; Hidantina; Hidantina senosian; Hidantina vitoria; Hidantomin; Hindatal; Hydantal; Hydantin; Hydantoin; Hydantoinal; Hydantol; Ictalis simple; Idantoil; Idantoin; Iphenylhydantoin; Kessodanten; Labopal; Lehydan; Lepitoin; Lepsin; Mesantoin; Minetoin; Neos-Hidantoina; Neosidantoina; Novantoina; Novophenytoin; Om hidantoina simple; Om-Hydantoine; Oxylan; Phanantin; Phanatine; Phenatine; Phenatoine; Phenhydan; Phenhydanin; Phenitoin; Phentoin; Phentytoin; Phenytex; Phenytoin AWD; Phenytoin-Gerot; Prompt Phenytoin Sodium; Ritmenal; Saceril; Sanepil; Silantin; Sinergina; Sodanthon; Sodantoin; Sodanton; Solantin; Solantoin; Solantyl; Sylantoic; TOIN; Tacosal; Thilophenyl; Toin unicelles; Zentronal; Zentropil; Absorption: Bioavailability 70-100% oral, 24.4% for rectal and intravenous administration. Rapid rate of absorption with peak blood concentration expected in 1½ to 3 hours. Toxicity (Overdose): Oral, mouse: LD 50 = 150 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD 50 = 1635 mg/kg. Symptoms of overdose include coma, difficulty in pronouncing words correctly, involuntary eye movement, lack of muscle coordination, low blood pressure, nausea, sluggishness, slurred speech, tremors, and vomiting. Protein Binding: Highly protein bound Biotransformation: Primarily hepatic Half Life: 22 hours (range of 7 to 42 hours) Dosage Forms of Hidantina: Liquid Intravenous Tablet Oral Suspension Oral Capsule Oral Liquid Intramuscular Solution Intramuscular Chemical IUPAC Name: 5,5-di(phenyl)imidazolidine-2,4-dione Chemical Formula: C15H12N2O2 Phenytoin on Wikipedia: http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Phenytoin Organisms Affected: Humans and other mammals

Neurontin is used for treating seizures associated with epilepsy. Neurontin is an anticonvulsant.

Use Neurontin as directed by your doctor.

Take Neurontin by mouth with or without food.

Do not take an antacid containing aluminum or magnesium within 2 hours before you take Neurontin.

If you are taking half of a scored tablet as your dose, take the other half of that tablet as your next dose. Throw away any half-tablets not used within several days of breaking a scored tablet.

Do not suddenly stop taking Neurontin. You may have an increased risk of side effects (eg, seizures). If you need to stop Neurontin or add a new medicine, your doctor will gradually lower your dose.

If you miss a dose of Neurontin, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Neurontin.

Store Neurontin at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Neurontin out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Gabapentin.

Do NOT use Neurontin if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Neurontin.

Some medical conditions may interact with Neurontin. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have kidney problems and are on dialysis

if you have a history of mental or mood problems (eg, depression), or suicidal thoughts or actions.

Some medicines may interact with Neurontin. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any medicines, especially any of the following:

Morphine because it may increase the risk of Neurontin's side effects, including drowsiness.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Neurontin may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Neurontin may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Neurontin with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Patients who take Neurontin may be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts or actions. The risk may be greater in patients who have had suicidal thoughts or actions in the past. Watch patients who take Neurontin closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.

Diabetes patients - Neurontin may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.

Neurontin may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Neurontin.

Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, and complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use Neurontin. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Neurontin with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects.

Neurontin may cause emotional or behavioral side effects in children 3 to 12 years. If the following side effects occur, notify your doctor immediately: emotional "swings", hostile or aggressive behavior, problems concentrating, decreased performance at school, an increase in restlessness or hyperactivity.

Neurontin should be used with extreme caution in children younger 3 years; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Neurontin while you are pregnant. Neurontin is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Neurontin, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

If you stop taking Neurontin suddenly, you may have withdrawal symptoms. These may include dizziness, drowsiness, clumsiness, hostility, hyperactivity, mood swings, nausea, tiredness, or vomiting.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Back pain; changes in vision (double or blurred vision); clumsiness; constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; nausea; stomach upset; tiredness; vomiting; weight gain.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abnormal thoughts; back and forth eye movements; behavioral problems; change in school performance; chest pain; confusion; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or sore throat; hyperactivity; loss of coordination; memory loss; new or worsening mental or mood changes (eg, depression, agitation, anxiety, panic attacks, aggressiveness, impulsiveness, irritability, hostility, exaggerated feeling of well-being, restlessness, inability to sit still); new or worsening seizures; numbness of an arm or leg; one-sided weakness; severe headache or dizziness; shortness of breath; speech changes; suicidal thoughts or actions; swelling of the hands, legs, or feet; tremor; trouble concentrating; twitching.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

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Mycelex-g (Livomonil)

Mycelex-G (Clotrimazole) is an antifungal medication. It prevents fungus from growing.

Clotrimazole vaginal is used to treat vaginal candida (yeast) infections.

Clotrimazole vaginal may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

Use Mycelex-G exactly as directed by your doctor, or follow the directions that accompany the package. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Wash your hands before and after using this medication.

Insert the tablet, suppository, or cream into the vagina using the applicator as directed.

Use this medication continuously for the prescribed amount of time, even during your menstrual period.

You can use a sanitary napkin to prevent the medication from staining your clothing but do not use a tampon.

If the infection does not clear up after you have finished one course of therapy, or if it appears to get worse, see your doctor. You may have another type of infection.

Avoid getting this medication in your eyes, nose, or mouth. Store clotrimazole vaginal at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Active ingredient: Clotrimazole

Clotrimazole is an antifungal medication. It prevents fungus from growing.

Clotrimazole vaginal is used to treat vaginal candida (yeast) infections.

It also may be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

Do not use clotrimazole vaginal if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it.

If this is the first time that you have ever had symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection, consult your doctor before using this medication.

Do not use clotrimazole vaginal if you have a fever, abdominal pain, foul-smelling discharge, diabetes, HIV, or AIDS. Consult your doctor. Do not use this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant. Do not use clotrimazole vaginal without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. Do not use this medication if you are younger than 12 years of age.

Important safety information

Use this medication for the full amount of time prescribed by your doctor or recommended in the package even if you begin to feel better. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely healed.

Avoid wearing tight-fitting, synthetic clothing (e. g. panty hose) that does not allow air circulation. Wear loose-fitting clothing made of cotton and other natural fibers until the infection is healed. Avoid getting this medication in your eyes, nose, or mouth.

Stop using clotrimazole vaginal and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (shortness of breath; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, face, or tongue; or hives).

Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. These include burning, itching, irritation of the skin, and an increased need to urinate.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

Avoid using other vaginal creams or douches at the same time as clotrimazole unless your doctor approves.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with clotrimazole vaginal. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter medicines.

Customers who bought this product also bought

Hyaluronic Acid Injections (Fermathron), Fermathron

Hyaluronic acid injections (Fermathron)

Anti-inflammatory and anti-pain injections

Infiltration therapy of painful muscle points (myofascial syndrome)

Intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (Fermathron) (knees, hips, under ultrasound control)

Fermathron™ is a sodium hyaluronate viscosupplement for intra-articular injection into the synovial space of synovial joints in patients suffering from mild to moderate osteoarthritis or degenerative or traumatic changes to the synovial joint. Fermathron™ consists of long-chain, highly folded molecules of hyaluronan in the form of sodium hyaluronate, which is manufactured by a patented continuous fermentation process. Once in the synovial compartment the flexible molecular structure of Fermathron™ confers excellent lubricating and shock absorbing properties. The dosage regimen is injection into the affected synovial joint space once a week for 3 up to 5 injections depending on the severity of the degenerative or traumatic change to the synovial joint. In a clinical study it has been demonstrated that 5 injections into the knee joint relieve symptoms for at least 6 months.

Features

1% /(w/v) sodium hyaluronate in a phosphate buffered saline for intra-articular injections

for the relief of pain and stiffness of synovial joints, including the knee

for patients with degenerative and traumatic changes to synovial joints

for patients with mild to moderate osteoarthritis

3 up to 5 injections once a week

5 injections into the knee joint relieve symptoms for at least 6 months

manufactured by a continuous bacterial fermentation process

pseudoplastic behaviour: lubricant and shock absorber

sterilised by filtration and the outer surface of the syringe has been sterilised by ethylene oxide

Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is a non-inflammatory progressive disorder affecting moveable joints, in particular weight-bearing joints like the knee. The disease causes alterations in the composition of the synovial fluid and these changes result in reduction in several of the physiological protective functions of the synovial fluid. Intra-articular injection with the natural, viscoelastic material hyaluronan has been shown in clinical studies to be an effective therapy for reducing pain and increasing mobility in this debilitating condition. These changes in rheological properties result in disruption of the collagen network and sensitisation of the pain receptors in the capsule. Supplementation of the natural synovial fluid with hyaluronan restores and augments the rheological properties of the synovial compartment. Its use in humans was first described in 1971 and since then many studies have shown this to be an effective therapy for symptom relief.

Production Fermathron™ is a solution of sodium hyaluronate for intra-articular injection. The sodium hyaluronate has a molecular weight of 1 million Daltons and has been shown to be chemically identical to the sodium hyaluronate found in the human body. Thus, Fermathron™ is highly biocompatible. The sodium hyaluronate is manufactured by continuous fermentation of the natural bacterium Streptococcus equi. The continuous fermentation provides a steady state environment in which the growth of the micro-organisms is balanced and cell-wall turnover and breakdown is minimised thus reducing the production of any toxic metabolites. The sodium hyaluronate is produced as a capsule around the outside of the bacterial cell so that the sodium hyaluronate can be extracted without disrupting the bacterial cell. This continuous bacterial fermentation process therefore allows a simple though rigorous purification process that results in a highly purified product.

Physical properties One of the essential properties of hyaluronan and hyaluronan solutions is its pseudoplastic behaviour. Thus, solutions of hyaluronan can serve as effective lubricants when movements are slow and as shock absorbers when movements are fast. This behaviour is dependent on the fact that the molecule, which is highly folded at rest, begins to unfold as shear is applied and reaches a liquid state when completely unfolded. Fermathron™ consists of long-chain, highly folded molecules that exhibit the classical variation of viscosity with shear rate characteristic of pseudoplastic behaviour.

Presentation Fermathron™ is presented as a clear solution of sterile 1% (w/v) sodium hyaluronate in a phosphate buffered saline. 2.0 ml Fermathron™ sterilised by filtration is enclosed within a disposable glass syringe, ready-to-use. The syringe is packed within a blister pack and an outer cardboard carton. The outer surface of the pre-filled syringe has been sterilised by ethylene oxide.

Administration The recommended dosage regimen is injection into the affected synovial joint space once a week for 3 up to 5 injections, depending on the severity of the degenerative or traumatic change of the synovial joint. The recommended dosage regimen for patients with mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the knee joint is up to 5 weekly injections of 2.0 ml of Fermathron™ into the synovial space of the knee joint. This therapy regimen will relief of symptoms for at least 6 months. Ensure that the area of the injection is free from infection or skin disease. Clean the skin around the injection site with antiseptic and allow to dry before the injection is given. If joint effusion is present, aspirate before the injection of Fermathron™ is given. The contents of the syringe are sterile and should be injected using a sterile needle of an appropriate size (19 to 20 gauge is recommended). The syringe is fitted with a Luer lock (6%).

Orthops d. o.o. Presernova 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana; telephone/fax: +386 1 42 50 738

Buy Faboacid R - Ranitidine - Online Without Prescriptions, Faboacid R

Ranitidine (Faboacid r)

Ranitidine is used for treating certain conditions that cause your body to make too much stomach acid (eg, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome). It is also used to treat ulcers of the small intestine that have not responded to other treatment. It may be used as a short-term alternative to oral ranitidine, in patients who are not able to take medicine by mouth. Ranitidine is an H 2 - receptor blocker. It works by blocking the action of histamine in the stomach. This reduces the amount of acid the stomach makes. Reducing stomach acid helps to reduce heartburn, heal irritation of the esophagus, and heal ulcers of the stomach or intestines.

Use Ranitidine as directed by your doctor.

Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

You may take antacids while you are using Ranitidine if you are directed to do so by your doctor.

Continue to use Ranitidine even if you feel well. Do not miss any dose.

If you miss a dose of Ranitidine, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Ranitidine.

Store Ranitidine between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Ranitidine out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Do NOT use Ranitidine if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Ranitidine

you have a history of the blood disease porphyria

you are taking dasatinib.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Ranitidine. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have a history of kidney or liver problems

if you have abnormal blood electrolyte levels or a history of irregular heartbeat.

Some medicines may interact with Ranitidine. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Certain benzodiazepines (eg, midazolam, triazolam), glipizide, procainamide, or warfarin because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Ranitidine

Dasatinib, delavirdine, gefitinib, certain HIV protease inhibitors (eg, atazanavir), itraconazole, or ketoconazole because their effectiveness may be decreased by Ranitidine.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Ranitidine may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Ranitidine may rarely cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Ranitidine with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Ranitidine may interfere with certain lab tests, including urine protein tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Ranitidine.

Lab tests, including liver function, may be performed while you use Ranitidine. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Ranitidine should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 1 month old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Ranitidine while you are pregnant. Ranitidine is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Ranitidine.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; headache; nausea; stomach upset.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); change in the amount of urine produced; confusion; dark urine; depression; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or sore throat; hallucinations; severe or persistent headache or stomach pain; unusual bruising or bleeding; yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

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Melatonin Uses, Side Effects, Interactions And Warnings, Mitatonin

MELATONIN

Overview

Melatonin is a hormone found naturally in the body. Melatonin used as medicine is usually made synthetically in a laboratory. It is most commonly available in pill form, but melatonin is also available in forms that can be placed in the cheek or under the tongue. This allows the melatonin to be absorbed directly into the body.

People use melatonin to adjust the body's internal clock. It is used for jet lag, for adjusting sleep-wake cycles in people whose daily work schedule changes (shift-work disorder), and for helping blind people establish a day and night cycle.

Melatonin is also used for the inability to fall asleep (insomnia); delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS); rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD); insomnia associated with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); insomnia due to certain high blood pressure medications called beta-blockers; and sleep problems in children with developmental disorders including autism, cerebral palsy. and intellectual disabilities. It is also used as a sleep aid after discontinuing the use of benzodiazepine drugs and to reduce the side effects of stopping smoking.

Some people use melatonin for Alzheimer's disease or memory loss (dementia), bipolar disorder. a lung disease called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), insomnia caused by beta-blocker drugs, endometriosis. ringing in the ears. depression or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), mild mental impairment, nonalcoholic liver disease, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), fibromyalgia. restless leg syndrome. an inflammatory disease called sarcoidosis, schizophrenia. migraine and other headaches, age-related vision loss, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bone loss (osteoporosis ), a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia (TD), acid reflux disease, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), exercise performance, infertility, epilepsy, aging, for menopause, metabolic syndrome. for recovery after surgery, agitation caused by anesthesia, stress, involuntary movement disorder (tardive dyskinesia), changes in heart rate when you move from laying down to sitting up (postural tachycardia syndrome), delirium, inability to control urination, jaw pain, inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis ), and for birth control .

Other uses include breast cancer. brain cancer. lung cancer, prostate cancer. head cancer, neck cancer, and gastrointestinal cancer. Melatonin is also used for some of the side effects of cancer treatment (chemotherapy ) including weight loss, nerve pain, weakness, and a lowered number of clot-forming cells (thrombocytopenia ).

It is also used to calm people before they are given anesthesia for surgery.

The forms of melatonin that can be absorbed through the cheek or under the tongue are used for insomnia, shift-work disorder, and to calm people before receiving anesthesia for surgery.

Sometimes people apply melatonin to the skin to protect against sunburn.

Melatonin may also be injected into the muscle to help treat cancer.

How does it work?

Melatonin's main job in the body is to regulate night and day cycles or sleep-wake cycles. Darkness causes the body to produce more melatonin, which signals the body to prepare for sleep. Light decreases melatonin production and signals the body to prepare for being awake. Some people who have trouble sleeping have low levels of melatonin. It is thought that adding melatonin from supplements might help them sleep.

Uses

Likely Effective for

Sleep disorders in blind people. Taking melatonin by mouth helps improve sleep disorders in blind children and adults.

Trouble falling asleep (delayed sleep phase syndrome). Taking melatonin by mouth appears to reduce the length of time needed to fall asleep in young adults and children who have trouble falling asleep. However, within one year of stopping treatment, this sleeping problem seems to return.

Sleeping problems in people with sleep-wake cycle disturbances. Taking melatonin by mouth is helpful for disturbed sleep-wake cycles in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities, autism, and other central nervous system disorders. Melatonin also appears to shorten the time it takes for to children with developmental disabilities to fall asleep. In addition, melatonin appears to improve sleep quality in people with reduced rapid-eye movement (REM) sleep. Also, melatonin appears to reduce the time it takes to fall asleep and the number of sleep interruptions in elderly people with sleep-wake cycle disturbances and dementia.

Possibly Effective for

Insomnia caused by beta-blocker drugs. Beta-blocker drugs, such as atenolol and propranolol, are a class of drugs that seem to lower melatonin levels. This might cause problems sleeping. Research suggests that taking a melatonin supplement might reduce this side effect.

Painful uterus disorder called endometriosis. Research suggests that taking melatonin daily for 8 weeks reduces pain by 39.3% and painkiller use by 46%. It also reduces pain during menstruation, intercourse, and while going to the bathroom.

High blood pressure. Taking the controlled-release form of melatonin before bedtime seems to lower blood pressure in people with high blood pressure. Immediate-release formulations do not seem to work.

Insomnia. For primary insomnia (insomnia that is not related to a medical or environmental causes), melatonin seems to shorten the amount of time it takes to fall asleep, but only by about 12 minutes. Melatonin does not appear to improve "sleep efficiency," the percentage of time that a person actually spends sleeping during the time set aside for sleeping. Some people say melatonin makes them sleep better, even though tests do not agree. There is some evidence that melatonin is more likely to help older people than younger people or children. This may be because older people have less melatonin in their bodies to start with. There is some interest in finding out whether melatonin might help with "secondary insomnia." This is trouble sleeping that is related to other conditions such as Alzheimer's disease; depression; schizophrenia; hospitalization; and "ICU syndrome," which involves sleep disturbances in the intensive care unit. Research to date suggests that melatonin might not help to reduce the time it takes to fall asleep in secondary insomnia, but it might improve sleep efficiency.

Jet lag. Most research shows that melatonin can improve certain symptoms of jet lag such as alertness and movement coordination. Melatonin also seems to slightly improve other jet lag symptoms such as daytime sleepiness and tiredness. But, melatonin might not be effective for shortening the time it takes for people with jet lag to fall asleep.

Reducing anxiety before surgery. Melatonin used under the tongue seems to be as effective at reducing anxiety before surgery as midazolam, a conventional medication. It also seems to have fewer side effects in some people. Taking melatonin by mouth also seems to reduce anxiety before surgery, although some conflicting evidence exists.

Tumors. Taking high doses of melatonin with chemotherapy or other cancer treatments might reduce tumor size and improve survival rates in people with tumors.

Sunburn. Applying melatonin to the skin before sun exposure seems to prevent sunburn

Jaw pain (temporomandibular disorder). Research suggests that taking melatonin at bedtime for 4 weeks reduces pain by 44% and increases tolerance to pain by 39% in women wih jaw pain.

Low blood platelets (thrombocytopenia). Taking melatonin by mouth can improve low blood platelet counts associated with cancer, cancer treatment, and other disorders.

Possibly Ineffective for

Withdrawal from drugs called benzodiazepines. Early research suggests that taking the controlled-release form of melatonin by mouth seems to help older people with insomnia related to withrdrawal from drugs called benzodiazepines. But the majority of research shows that taking melatonin does not help with benzodiazepine withdrawal in most patients.

Weight loss from cancer (cachexia). Research suggests that taking melatonin each evening for 28 days does not improve appetite, body weight, or body composition in people with wasting syndrome from cancer.

Memory loss (dementia). Most research suggests that taking melatonin does not improve behavior or affect symptoms in people with Alzheimer's disease or other forms of memory loss. But taking melatonin might reduce confusion and restlessness when the sun goes down in people with these conditions.

Exercise performance. Taking melatonin one hour before resistance exercise does not seem to improve performance.

Infertility. Taking melatonin does not appear to improve fertility or pregnancy rates in women undergoing fertility treatments. But some research suggests that taking melatonin daily for at least 2 weeks might improve pregnancy rates in women ungergoing IVF.

Adjusting sleep schedule in people who do shift work. Taking melatonin by mouth does not seem to improve sleeping problems in people who do shift work.

Likely InEffective for

Depression. Although melatonin might improve sleeping problems in people with depression, it does not seem to improve depression itself. There is also some concern that melatonin might worsen symptoms in some people. It is not clear if taking melatonin can prevent depression.

Insufficient Evidence for

Age-related vision loss (age-related macular degeneration). Early research suggests that taking melatonin might delay the loss of vision in people with age-related vision loss.

Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Limited research suggests that melatonin might reduce insomnia in children with ADHD who are taking stimulants. However, improved sleep does not seem to decrease symptoms of ADHD.

Enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia). Some research suggests that taking melatonin can reduce excessive urination at night in some men with enlarged prostate.

Bipolar disorder. Early research suggests that taking melatonin at bedtime increases sleep duration and reduces manic symptoms in people with bipolar disorder who also have insomnia. But there are also concerns that taking melatonin might make symptoms worse in some people with bipolar disorder.

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Some early research suggests that taking melatonin in the evening might improve some symptoms of CFS, including fatigue, concentration, and motivation. However, other early research suggests that taking melatonin by mouth does not improve CFS symptoms.

Lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Some evidence suggests that taking melatonin improves shortness of breath in people with COPD. However, it does not seem to improve lung function or exercise capacity.

Cluster headache. Taking melatonin 10 mg by mouth every evening might reduce the frequency of cluster headaches. However, lower doses don't seem to work.

Problems with mental function. Taking a mixture of docosahexaeonic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), vitamin E, soy, phospholipids, melatonin, and tryptophan appears to improve mental function, speech, and sensitively to smell in older people with some problems with mental function.

Delirium. Evidence suggests that taking melatonin nightly for 14 days reduces the risk of delirium in older people.

Indigestion (dyspepsia). Taking melatonin nightly seems to reduce indigestion.

Nighttime bedwetting (enuresis). Early research suggests that taking melatonin before bed does not reduce the number of wet beds in children with nighttime bedwetting.

Fibromyalgia. Melatonin might decrease the severity of pain and stiffness in people with fibromyalgia.

Acid reflux disease. Taking melatonin daily at bedtime might improve symptoms of acid reflux, including heartburn. However, taking conventional medication seems to be more effective.

Stomach ulcers caused by H. pylori infection. Evidence suggests that taking melatonin together with the drug omeprazole improves healing in people with ulcers caused by H. pylori infection.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Early research suggests that taking melatonin might improve some, but not all, symptoms of IBS. Some research suggests that melatonin works better in people with IBS in which constipation rather than diarrhea is the main symptom.

Menopausal symptoms. Limited research suggests that melatonin does not relieve menopausal symptoms. However, taking melatonin in combination with soy isoflavones might help psychological symptoms associated with menopause.

Metabolic syndrome. Early research suggests that taking melatonin reduces blood pressure as well as low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad") cholesterol in people with metabolic syndrome.

Migraine headache. There is some evidence that taking melatonin before bed can prevent episodic migraine headache. When headaches do occur, they are milder and pass more quickly. However, other evidence shows that taking melatonin does not reduce the frequency of migraine attacks.

Withdrawal from nicotine. Taking melatonin 3.5 hours after nicotine withdrawal seems to reduce anxiety, restlessness, and cigarette cravings in smokers.

Liver disease (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis). Some evidence suggests that taking melatonin improves markers of liver function in the blood of people with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.

Recovery after surgery. Some evidence suggests that taking melatonin the night before and one hour before undergoing surgery might reduce pain and drug use after surgery.

Changes in heart rate when you move from laying down to sitting up (postural tachycardia syndrome). Early research suggests that taking a single dose of melatonin reduces heart rate when you change from sitting to standing. But melatonin does not seem to affect blood pressure or other sympotoms.

Prostate cancer. Taking melatonin by mouth together with conventional medications might reduce the growth of prostate cancer.

Acting out dreams while sleeping. Some evidence suggests that taking melatonin before bed reduces muscle movement during sleep in people with a sleep disorder that involves acting out dreams.

Restless leg syndrome. Early research suggests that taking melatonin before bedtime might make symptoms worse in people with restless leg syndrome.

An inflammatory condition called sarcoidosis. Early evidence suggests that taking melatonin daily for one year followed by a reduced dose for a second year improves lung function and skin problems in people with an inflammatory condition called sarcoidosis.

Schizophrenia. There is conflicting evidence about the effects of melatonin on schizophrenia symptoms and side effects related to medications. Some research shows that taking melatonin by mouth for 8 weeks reduces weight gain associated with the use of the drug olanzapine and improves symptoms of schizophrenia. But other research suggests that it might not have any benefits and might worsen the side effects of second-generation antipsychotic medications.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Some early research suggests that taking melatonin by mouth might reduce depression during the winter in people with SAD. But giving melatonin under the tongue does not seem to improve symptoms.

Seizures. There is some evidence that taking melatonin at bedtime may reduce the number and length of seizures in children with epilepsy. However, other evidence suggests that it does not reduce seizures. Melatonin should be used cautiously, because melatonin may increase the number of seizures in some people.

Agitation caused by anesthesia drugs. Some evidence suggests that taking melatonin before sevoflurane anesthesia reduces agitation after surgery.

Headache characterized by sudden sharp pain. Some evidence suggests that taking melatonin daily might prevent sudden stabbing headaches.

Stress. There is some evidence that taking melatonin might improve memory while under stress.

Movement disorder (tardive dyskinesia). Some evidence suggests that taking melatonin by mouth decreases symptoms of a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia. However, other evidence suggests that taking melatonin daily does not reduce involuntary movements in these patients.

Ringing in the ears (tinnitus). Some evidence suggests that taking melatonin at night reduces ringing in the ears and improves sleep quality. However, other research suggests that it does not reduce ear ringing.

Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis). Taking melatonin daily in combination with conventional medication seems to help control a type of inflammatory bowel disease called ulcerative colitis.

Metabolic syndrome.

Osteoporosis.

Birth control.

Aging.

Other conditions.

More evidence is needed to rate melatonin for these uses.

Side Effects

Melatonin is LIKELY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth or injected into the body in the short-term, or when applied to the skin.

Melatonin is POSSIBLY SAFE when used by mouth appropriately, long-term. Melatonin has been used safely for up to 2 years in some people. However, it can cause some side effects including headache, short-term feelings of depression, daytime sleepiness, dizziness, stomach cramps, and irritability. Do not drive or use machinery for four to five hours after taking melatonin.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding . Melatonin is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth or injected into the body during pregnancy. Do not use it. Melatonin might also interfere with ovulation, making it more difficult to become pregnant.

Not enough is known about the safety of using melatonin when breast-feeding. It is best not to use it.

Children . Melatonin is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth as a single dose. It is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth or injected into the body in multiple doses in the short-term. Because of its effects on other hormones, melatonin might interfere with development during adolescence.

Bleeding disorders . Melatonin might make bleeding worse in people with bleeding disorders.

Depression . Melatonin can make symptoms of depression worse.

Diabetes . Melatonin might increase blood sugar in people with diabetes. Monitor your blood sugar carefully, if you have diabetes and take melatonin.

High blood pressure . Melatonin can raise blood pressure in people who are taking certain medications to control blood pressure. Avoid using it.

Seizure disorders . Using melatonin might increase the risk of having a seizure.

Transplant recipients . Melatonin can increase immune function and might interfere with immunosuppressive therapy used by people receiving transplants.

Interactions

Major Interaction: Do not take this combination

Sedative medications (CNS depressants) interacts with MELATONIN

Melatonin might cause sleepiness and drowsiness. Medications that cause sleepiness are called sedatives. Taking melatonin along with sedative medications might cause too much sleepiness. Some sedative medications include clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), phenobarbital (Donnatal), zolpidem (Ambien), and others.

Moderate Interaction: Be cautious with this combination

Birth control pills (Contraceptive drugs) interacts with MELATONIN

The body makes melatonin. Birth control pills seem to increase how much melatonin the body makes. Taking melatonin along with birth control pills might cause too much melatonin to be in the body. Some birth control pills include ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (Triphasil), ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone (Ortho-Novum 1/35, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7), and others.

Caffeine interacts with MELATONIN

Caffeine might decrease melatonin levels in the body. Taking melatonin along with caffeine might decrease the effectiveness of melatonin supplements.

Fluvoxamine (Luvox) interacts with MELATONIN

Taking fluvoxamine (Luvox) can increase the amount of melatonin that the body absorbs. Taking melatonin along with fluvoxamine (Luvox) might increase the effects and side effects of melatonin.

Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with MELATONIN

Melatonin might increase blood sugar. Diabetes medications are used to lower blood sugar. By increasing blood sugar, melatonin might decrease the effectiveness of diabetes medications. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed. Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others.

Medications that decrease the immune system (Immunosuppressants) interacts with MELATONIN

Melatonin might increase the immune system. Taking melatonin along with medications that decrease the immune system might decrease the effectiveness of medications that decrease the immune system. Some medications that decrease the immune system include azathioprine (Imuran), basiliximab (Simulect), cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune), daclizumab (Zenapax), muromonab-CD3 (OKT3, Orthoclone OKT3), mycophenolate (CellCept), tacrolimus (FK506, Prograf), sirolimus (Rapamune), prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone), corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), and others.

Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs) interacts with MELATONIN

Melatonin might slow blood clotting. Taking melatonin along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding. Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.

Nifedipine GITS (Procardia XL) interacts with MELATONIN

Nifedipine GITS (Procardia XL) is used to lower blood pressure. Taking melatonin might decrease the effectiveness of nifedipine GITS for lowering blood pressure.

Sedative medications (Benzodiazepines) interacts with MELATONIN

Melatonin might cause sleepiness and drowsiness. Drugs that cause sleepiness and drowsiness are called sedatives. Taking melatonin along with sedative medications might cause too much sleepiness. Some of these sedative medications include clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), and others.

Verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan) interacts with MELATONIN

The body breaks down melatonin to get rid of it. Verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan) can increase how quickly the body gets rid of melatonin. Taking melatonin along with verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan) might decrease the effectiveness of melatonin.

Minor Interaction: Be watchful with this combination

Flumazenil (Romazicon) interacts with MELATONIN

Flumazenil (Romazicon) might decrease the effects of melatonin. It is not yet clear why this interaction occurs yet. Taking flumazenil (Romazicon) along with melatonin might decrease the effectiveness of melatonin supplements.

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

Adults BY MOUTH .

For sleep disorders in blind people: 0.5 mg to 5 mg of melatonin taken daily before bedtime for up to 6 years has been used. A high dose of 10 mg taken an hour before bedtime for up to 9 weeks has also been used. 3 mg of a specific product (Pharma Nord, Vejle, Denmark) has also been taken daily for 12 months.

For trouble falling asleep: 0.3 to 5 mg of melatonin daily for up to 9 months has been used.

For sleeping problems in people with sleep-wake cycle disturbances: 2 mg to 12 mg taken at bedtime for up to 4 weeks has been used.

For insomnia: 2 mg to 3 mg of melatonin before bedtime for up to 29 weeks has been used in most research. Higher doses of up to 12 mg daily have also been used for shorter durations (up to 4 weeks).

For endometriosis: 10 mg daily for 8 weeks has been used.

For high blood pressure: 2 mg to 3 mg of a controlled-release melatonin has been use for 4 weeks.

For jet lag: 0.5 mg to 8 mg at bedtime is commonly taken on the arrival day at the destination, continuing for 2 to 5 days. Low doses of 0.5 mg to 3 mg are often used to avoid the hypnotic properties of the higher 4 to 5 mg doses.

For reducing anxiety before surgery in adults: 3 mg to 10 mg of melatonin has been taken 60 to 90 minutes before surgery.

As treatment for solid tumors in combination with conventional therapy: 10 mg to 40 mg along with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or interleukin 2 (IL-2). Melatonin is typically started 7 days before the start of chemotherapy and continued throughout full treatment course.

For jaw pain: 5 mg of melatonin at bedtime for 4 weeks has been used.

For prevention and treatment of lowered clot-forming cells (thrombocytopenia) associated with cancer chemotherapy: 20 mg to 40 mg of melatonin daily beginning up to 7 days before chemotherapy and continuing throughout chemotherapy cycles has been used.

APPLIED TO THE SKIN .

For sunburn: A gel containing 0.05% to 2.5% melatonin, applied either 15 minutes before or up to 4 hours after sun exposure, has been used.

Children BY MOUTH .

For sleep disorders in blind people: 0.5 mg to 4 mg of melatonin daily for up to 6 years has been used.

For trouble falling asleep: 1 mg to 6 mg of melatonin before bedtime for up to one month has been used.

Sleeping problems in people with sleep-wake cycle disturbances: 0.5 mg to 12 mg of melatonin daily for up to 12 weeks has been used in children and adolescents 3 months to 17 years-old.

For insomnia: 5 mg or 0.05 mg/kg to 0.15 mg/kg of body weight taken at bedtime for 4 weeks has been used in children 6 to 12 years-old with primary insomnia. For secondary insomnia, 6 mg to 9 mg, taken before bedtime for 4 weeks, has been used in children 3 to 12 years-old.

For reducing anxiety before surgery: 0.05 mg/kg to 0.5 mg/kg of body weight has been taken before anesthesia in children 1 to 8 years-old.

Conditions of Use and Important Information: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version. © Therapeutic Research Faculty 2009.

Neocip M; Suspension, Cipla Ltd, Neocip

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Zack Cozart Stats, Fantasy & News, Cosart

Zack Cozart #2

Zachary Warren Cozart Bio Info

In 2004 graduated from Collierville (TN) High School, where he starred in baseball, basketball and football. played baseball at the University of Mississippi.

Missed most of the season with a right knee injury. on 6/10 vs Phi, in his 500th career appearance, while running out a ground ball suffered tears of the anterior cruciate and lateral collateral ligaments and the biceps tendon in his right knee. the next day went on the disabled list, on 6/15 had season-ending reconstructive surgery and on 6/16 was transferred to the 60-day DL. at the time of the injury, among National League shortstops ranked ninth in hitting, T2nd in HR, fourth in RBI, seventh in on-base percentage and fourth in slugging. from 5/5-5/12 missed 5 starts because of a bruised left wrist and bruised right index finger. suffered both injuries on 5/3 at Atl on a Julio Teheran hit by pitch (wrist) and a bad hop (finger). while recovering from the finger and wrist injuries, from 5/15-5/26 went 1-for-30. the rest of the season hit .299 (49-164). didn't commit an error after 5/3 (27g). in the 16-10 win on 4/21 at Mil produced his second career 2-homer game (3rbi). on 5/22 at Cle made his 400th career start next to 2B Brandon Phillips.

Was a finalist for the Rawlings Gold Glove Award. led the team with 143 starts at shortstop and 109 starts batting eighth in the order. committed just 3 errors after the All-Star break. was successful on all 7 stolen base attempts. on 6/28 at SF recorded 11 assists, the most by a Reds player since 3B Chris Sabo had 11 on 4/7/88 and the most by a Reds SS since Dave Concepcion had 11 on 5/8/82. on 4/7 at StL produced an RBI-single off Trevor Rosenthal to snap a career-high 0-for-22, the longest hitless stretch start to a season by a Reds batter since Corky Miller began 0-for-29 in 2004. in the 11th inning of the 7-3 win on 6/28 at SF, his 2-run single off Jean Machi snapped the 2-2 tie.

Led all National League position players in sacrifice bunts (13) and tied for the NL lead in sacrifice flies (10). his 10 sac flies were the most by a Reds batter since Eric Davis in 1989 (11). as the Reds battled for a Wild Card playoff berth hit .304 in his last 31 apps of the season. from 8/26-9/10 hit .373 during a career-high 15-game hitting streak, the second-longest active streak in the Major Leagues when it was snapped on 9/11 vs Cubs (Wsh's Denard Span, 21g). in the 15-0 win on 4/5 vs Wsh teamed with Todd Frazier to become the first shortstop/third base tandem in franchise history, dating back to 1869, to each produce 2 home runs in the same game. they were the first set of SS/3B to homer twice in the same game for a National League team since Jackie Hernandez and Richie Hebner did it in 1971 for a Pirates team that would go on to win the World Series. on 5/22 at NYM had 4 hits and 2 doubles off Matt Harvey to become the first batter with more than 2 hits in a game vs Harvey.

2012 Joined Todd Frazier on Baseball America's All-Rookie team. ranked among the National League rookie leaders in most offensive categories, including extra-base hits (52, 2nd), doubles (3rd), total bases (224, 3rd) and HR (T4th). was a finalist for the Rawlings Gold Glove Award. among all NL shortstops ranked second in fielding percentage (.975, 14e, 567tc). from 9/4-9/20 missed 14g while recovering from a strained left oblique muscle. after he returned finished the season by hitting .290 in 12 apps. became the first Reds rookie to start at SS on Opening Day since Frank Duffy in 1971 (Dave Concepcion did it in 1970). his 15 homers were the most ever by a Reds rookie shortstop (Billy Myers, 5hr, 1935) and the most by a Major League rookie shortstop since 2007 (Troy Tulowitzki, 24hr). became 1 of only 4 Reds shortstops with at least 30 doubles and 15hr in a season (Eddie Miller, Barry Larkin, Felipe Lopez). his 33 doubles fell 7 shy of the club's single-season rookie record (40, Frank McCormick 1938, Johnny Bench 1968, Chris Sabo 1988). his 21 doubles prior to the All-Star Game were the most ever by a rookie shortstop and tied Johnny Bench (1968) for the third-most ever by a Reds rookie at any position prior to the ASG (Chris Sabo, 32 in 1988; Vada Pinson, 22 in 1959). his 9 homers prior to the ASG tied Fla's Alex Gonzalez (1999), Bal's Ron Hansen (1960) and Col's Troy Tulowitzki (2007) for fifth-most ever among rookie shortstops (NYG's Daryl Spencer, 14hr in 1953; Garciaparra, 13hr in 1997; Oak's Bobby Crosby, 11hr in 2004; Bal's Cal Ripken Jr. 11hr in 1982). the first All-Star Game was in 1933. became the first rookie to hit safely in each of the Reds' first 6g of a season since Frankie Baumholtz hit safely in each of the team's first 6g in 1947. on the same road trip hit his first 2 leadoff HR, on 6/29 off SF's Matt Cain and on 7/6 off SD's Kip Wells. his homer on Cain's first pitch snapped the Giants' SF record 36-inning scoreless streak. also hit leadoff HR on 8/1 vs SD (off Wells) and 8/9 at Chi (Chris Volstad). on 8/7 at Mil led off the seventh inning with a double to break up Mike Fiers' perfect game bid. from 8/14-8/24 produced a career-high 11-game hitting streak (.333, 7 2b, 1hr, 4rbi). in the Division Series vs SF hit safely in 4 of the 5g. earned his spot in the everyday lineup during spring training, when he led the club in hits (20), doubles (7), triples (2) and 2-hit games (6). 2011 From 7/7-7/23 made 11 apps and 9 starts at SS for the Reds before he suffered a season-ending injury to his left elbow (7/23 vs Atl). on 8/12 had "Tommy John" surgery to repair the torn ulnar collateral ligament in his left elbow (Dr. Timothy Kremchek). on 9/19 had surgery to clean up his right ankle (Kremchek). missed the Reds' last 62g of the season. began the year with Louisville. was recalled on 7/7 and that night at Mil made his Major League debut, played SS and and in the fourth inning singled off Chris Narveson for his first career hit. began his career with a 7-game hitting streak, the longest by a Reds player to begin his Major League career since Adam Dunn hit safely in each of his first 7 apps from 7/20-7/21, 2001. in the seventh inning of the 6-5 win on 7/15 vs StL, his first career RBI tied the score at 3-3 in the seventh inning. on 7/17 vs StL hit his first career home run, a solo shot off former Ole Miss teammate Lance Lynn. homered again on 7/22 vs Atl (off Jair Jurrjens). at Louisville was an International League mid-season and post-season All-Star and a Baseball America Class AAA All-Star. his 4 leadoff HR established a club record (since 1989). for the Bats hit .337 in May and .377 in June. on 4/30 vs Norfolk went 5-for-5 with 4 doubles, a club single-game record, and a homer to increase his BA from .179 to .225. from 5/19-6/11 had a careerbest 17-game hitting streak. from 5/27-5/31 was on the Bats' disabled list with a sprained right ankle. on 8/17 was transfered to the Reds' 60-day disabled list. came off the DL on 11/2. entered the season rated the eighth-best prospect in the organization. 2010 In his first season at Class AAA received the Mary E. Barney Award as Louisville's Most Valuable Player. was a Baseball America Class AAA All-Star. led the International League in at bats (553) and runs (91) and ranked among the leaders in games played (136, T4th), hits (141, 5th) and stolen bases (30, T5th). led all IL shortstops in fielding percentage (.977). was 1 of 6 players to spend the entire season with Louisville (Jared Burton, Chad Reineke, Wilkin Castillo, Todd Frazier, Danny Dorn) and 1 of only 4 players to be on the Bats' active roster all year (Castillo, Frazier, Reineke). his 30 steals were fourth-most by any Reds farmhand. entered the season rated by Baseball America as the organization's 10th-best prospect. on 11/19 was added to the 40-man roster. was a non-roster invitee to 2010 Major League spring training camp. 2009 In just his second full professional season, at Class AA Carolina was a Southern League All-Star. was the organization's Minor League Player of the Month for June (27g. 319, 6hr, 12rbi. 574slg. 414obp) and the SL's Player of the Week for 6/1-6/7 (10-29. 345, 4hr). from 5/28-6/9 produced a 13-game hitting streak (20-52. 385, 4hr, 10rbi). homered twice on 6/18 at Tennessee. following the season played for the Peoria Saguaros of the prestigious Arizona Fall League (13g. 340, 2hr, 10rbi, 3sb). was invited to 2010 Major League spring training camp. 2008 At Class A Dayton was a Midwest League All-Star and a Baseball America Class-A All-Star. was voted by league managers as the best defensive shortstop in the MWL. led the Dragons in hitting (.280). twice hit 2 homers in a game (5/28 at Ft. Wayne, 6/21 vs Great Lakes). on 4/27 at Kane County hit a grand slam. on 6/26 vs South Bend hit a game-winning HR in the bottom of the 10th inning.

Klarithran Mr 500 (Tablets), Klaritran

PROPRIETARY NAME (and dosage form):

KLARITHRAN MR 500 (Tablets)

COMPOSITION: Each film-coated tablet contains clarithromycin 500 mg. Sugar free.

PHARMACOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION A 20.1.1 Broad and medium spectrum antibiotics

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION Clarithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic. It exerts its antibacterial action by binding reversibly to the 50S ribosomal subunit of the 70S ribosome of sensitive micro organisms, thereby inhibiting bacterial RNA-dependant protein synthesis. The in vitro antibacterial spectrum of pathogens sensitive to clarithromycin includes: ( in vitro sensitivity does not necessarily imply in vivo efficacy) Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Legionelle pneumophilia Mycoplasma pneumoniae Chlamydia trachomatis Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis Haemophilus influenzae Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin sensitive) Helicobacter pylori Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium intracellulare

Pharmacokinetics Clarithromycin is absorbed rapidly from the gastro-intestinal tract after oral administration, but its bioavailability is reduced to 50% to 55% because of rapid first-pass metabolism. Peak plasma concentration occurs approximately 5 to 7 hours after administration. Clarithromycin may be given with or without food. Clarithromycin is metabolised by the liver to the active metabolite, 14-hydroxyclarithromycin, as well as to several other metabolites. Both clarithromycin and 14-hydroxyclarithromycin distribute widely throughout the body and achieve high intracellular concentrations. Tissue concentrations generally exceed serum concentrations. Clarithromycin does not achieve significant levels in the cerebrospinal fluid. Protein binding of clarithromycin ranges from 40 to 70% and is concentration-dependent. The elimination half-lives of clarithromycin and 14-hydroxyclarithromycin are approximately 3 to 7 and 5 to 9 hours respectively. Longer half-lives are observed after larger doses. Clarithromycin is eliminated by renal and non-renal routes. The amount of clarithromycin excreted unchanged in the urine ranges from 20 to 40%, depending on the dose administered and the formulation. Between 10 and 15% of the dose is excreted in the urine as the 14-hydroxy metabolite. Although the pharmacokinetics of clarithromycin are altered in patients with hepatic or renal dysfunction, dosage adjustment is not necessary unless a patient has severe renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance of <30 mL/minute). At higher doses in HIV-infected patients clarithromycin and 14-hydroxyclarithromycin concentrations are much higher when compared with usual doses in non-infected patients. The elimination half-lives also appear to be lengthened.

Klarithran MR 500 is indicated for the treatment of the following mild to moderate severe infections caused by susceptible organisms:

Lower respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia.

Upper respiratory tract infections such as pharyngitis and sinusitis.

Mild to moderately severe acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae, M. catarrhalis and H. influenza.

Formacion - Escuela Trazos, Trazo

APRENDER TRABAJANDO

Desde el diseno grafico a los efectos visuales, del desarrollo web a la animacion, del motion graphics a los videojuegos, la ilustracion o la imagen 3D. Sea cual sea tu camino, en Trazos ponemos a tu disposicion un amplio catalogo formativo en creatividad digital, avalada con la mejor de las garantias: profesores que son a su vez profesionales en activo, trabajando en los principales proyectos internacionales de la industria del diseno y el entretenimiento. Pero sobre todo, la mejor prueba de lo que te ofrecen nuestras carreras, masters y cursos se encuentra en las trayectorias de nuestros alumnos una vez finalizan su preparacion.

Diseno Grafico

Gestiona cada detalle de cualquier producto grafico impreso y digital, desde carteleria a packaging y practicamente cualquier campo creativo que puedas imaginar.

Somos una escuela con mas de 25 anos de experiencia formando a profesionales de las Artes Visuales en las ultimas tecnologias y nuevos medios asi como del Arte Digital en todas sus disciplinas: Diseno Grafico, Desarrollo Web, 3D, Animacion, VFX, Motion Graphics, Videojuegos, Marketing Digital… El objetivo de nuestra formacion es la creacion de perfiles profesionales especializados con un enfoque totalmente dirigido a la insercion laboral en la industria, asi como tambien a la actualizacion y mejora de habilidades de profesionales activos. Todo ello con un contacto constante con el sector y seleccionando a nuestros instructores entre los profesionales mas destacados.

25 ANOS Y MAS DE 10.000 ALUMNOS

Llevamos mas de dos decadas formando a profesionales de la industria y en una actualizacion permanente en tecnologia y nuevos perfiles laborales. Mas de 10.000 alumnos han pasado por la escuela.

Tenemos una seleccion de los profesionales y docentes mas destacados de la industria para ofrecer una formacion completa y de alta calidad en todas nuestras areas academicas.

Nuestra metodologia es esencialmente practica, recreando al maximo un entorno laboral, buscando la excelencia en tecnicas y software asi como adaptandonos a tu ritmo de aprendizaje.

Contamos con las ultimas tecnologias en equipos y software, recreando un entorno profesional en constante actualizacion gracias a nuestro contacto directo con la industria y los fabricantes.

El futuro profesional de nuestros alumnos es fundamental en nuestra formacion, por ello contamos con una Bolsa de Empleo exclusiva para nuestros alumnos con mas de 400 empresas .

La escuela esta avalada por los fabricantes lideres de la industria con diferentes certificaciones y homologaciones que garantizan una formacion de alta calidad y en conexion directa con las ultimas innovaciones tecnologicas de las principales firmas.

Los profesionales mas destacados de la industria nacional e internacional imparten ponencias conocidas como Masterclass, clases magistrales que se abren al publico general en eventos semanales para conocer la experiencia de nombres propios del sector.

PREMIANDO EL TALENTO

El reconocimiento academico y el premio a aquellos alumnos destacados es una apuesta constante en la escuela. Anualmente se convocan los Trazos Awards™ con los que se premian los mejores trabajos del alumnado.

Nuestros alumnos y profesores han obtenido diversos premios y reconocimientos en festivales durante sus trayectorias: Fedrigoni, Laus o Goya, entre otros..

Dexamethasone (Decadron), Dexabene

Dexamethasone (Decadron)

Contents

General information

Class/mechanism: Corticosteroid & glucocorticoid which has numerous physiologic effects, including immune system modulation, antiemetic properties. and anti-inflammatory effects. [1] [2] Route: PO, IV, IM Extravasation: no information

For conciseness and simplicity, HemOnc. org currently will focus on treatment regimens and not list information such as: renal/hepatic dose adjustments, metabolism (including CYP450), excretion, monitoring parameters (although this will be considered for checklists), or manufacturer. Instead, for the most current information, please refer to your preferred pharmacopeias such as Micromedex. Lexicomp. UpToDate (courtesy of Lexicomp). or the prescribing information. [1]

Diseases for which it is used

Patient drug information

Also known as

Dexamethasone Acetate (RXCUI 22690)

Dexamethasone Phosphate (RXCUI 235486)

Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate (RXCUI 48933)

Gravitron - Amusement Ride Extravaganza, Granitron

Gravitron

The Gravitron can be found in countries all over the world and was first manufactured by Wisdom USA in 1983 and is now their number one seller. Several units were also made under license by ARM (UK) and Ferrari (Australia) in the 1980’s. Nowdays, Wisdom brands this ride “Starship 3000″

The ride movement can be summed up two words: centrifugal force - all 4 G’s of it pushing the standards of safe amusement ride physics. This was not the first ride to use centrifugal laws to pin its standing occupants - other prior examples include the Rotor and Roundup

When the automated door closes the fun really begins - riders barely realise they’re moving (everything they can see is moving with them). The ride quickly starts to rotate reaching its top speed of 24 rpm in less than 20 seconds. (fast given its wide diameter). At this speed (turned with a 33kW 3-phase motor), the 45 panels that riders stand against rise upwards leaving people stuck to the wall with their feet off the ground. Regular riders will always move into position as the ride gains speed, sometimes turning sideways or upside down.

Similar forces are achieved from NASA astronaut experiments simulating rocket take off and space travel G-Forces.

The recommended ride time is no longer than 80 seconds.

Since the amount of G’s felt by a rider corresponds with body weight, most adult riders feel G’s exerted on the chest and face a little too uncomfortable to be called fun (they always breathe a sigh of relief when the brakes come on) but ask any kid or teenager what they think of it and they’ll excitedly tell you how many times they’ve ridden it and how totally fantastic it was… the sight of a person lying on a wall sideways or upside-down is always a memorable one!

The interior of the ride consists of a central, circular control / supervisor booth with a futuristic swivelling chair over the centre axis of the ship. This small section is designed for the operator who rotates with the ride, although safe from any G-force. (being in the very centre) This section is usually surrounded by flashing lights, with a few disco lights on top - creating a really good ride atmosphere. Surrounding the sides of the flying-saucer ship are 45 padded vertical panels, each the height and width of an average human body. These panels are angled slightly outward, making them nearly vertical. Each panel is on a set of rollers, and with the laws of centrifugal force, naturally rises upwards when the optimum speed is reached. Since the ride is completely enclosed, some units have surveillance cameras installed, with monitor screens on the outside giving spectators outside the ship a visual of what’s happening inside the ride.

Gravitron’s huge capacity of 45 people, and the ease at which it can be loaded / unloaded (simply by walking in) gives it a great theoretical capacity of 1000 people / hour. The ride can be racked on one 50ft trailer, making it one of the most well designed amusement ride ever produced as far as portability / rider capacity is concerned.

The ride can be set up in 6 hours, and torn down in 3 with an experienced crew.

There are upwards of 40 units in North America, at least 5 in Europe and approximately 7 Gravitrons in Australia.

133 Responses to “Gravitron”

i am king of the world… or queen

Just wondering the contact details for all the graviton rides in australia and in-particularly if there is still one left in Queensland?

hi Alex. Unfortuntaely no travelling Gravitrons based in QLD. Nearest ones are in NSW (Garry O’Neill and Robert Young) also one in ACT owned by Durkins. Good luck.

Guess I’m the only one who hates this ride…

Best ride, /ever/. We have a tradition of going upside down or sideways on it. xD

like exept i got really dizzy cause i got on it 6 times

Does anyone have one of these in Ohio that they would donate the use of for the USAF Marathon. It would be part of a display and not actually used. I just need a giant spaceship looking thing. please email at photonfury@yahoo. com

i wanted to go there but i was scared and i never got to try it cuz my mom told me not 2 but im lucky cuz i get 2 try it out in the oc fair this july 15 and im 11 and i want to know if i can b able 2 go on it plz let me know. DX

Rode this as a kid when they had it at Adventureland. Operator thought we were nuts because we went on it like 10 or more times in a row. Loved the loud music and light show. watched several people get sick on it, so we nicknamed et the barfitron and the vomitron.

Makes me dizzy just watching it

I rode this ride two days ago for the first time and it was really fun, Except for my family has heart problems and I wondered if it could be hazardous for me. It feels like every thing inside of me is being squished in a not-so-good way! yikes

best ride ever rode it at 3:00 A. M. at the winne texas rice festival… p. s. it was awesome

Worked on these for years. Awesome ride to set up and run. FYI, There is a new theme. It’s called Alien Nation.

It’s Alien Abduction not Alien Nation. Sorry for the misprint.

Another theme which utilizes both names. It is owned and operated by Blue Sky Amusements. New for 2011. http://www. blueskyamusements. com/our_midway/attractions_detail. asp? ID=125

I love amusement park rides… but not this one. Rode this once when I was 16 with a few of the players from our HS football team. When I got off the ride, had pulled muscles and could barely walk. Was dizzy for several days afterward and missed school. When I went back, the football players and everyone else that was on that particular ride of the Gravitron ended up in the Emergency room and a few were hospitalized. The HS football coach was upset because he lost several key players for the week. I never did find out what the malfunction was or what happened to have caused this. I will never forget being pinned to the wall, flung suddenly and then repinned. It was like someone was trying to crush my windpipe and I wasn’t the only one that struggled to breathe. Definitely NOT FUN.

The gravitron rocks I looooove going upside down that ride is my favorite thing in the universe ya GRAVITRON

THE BEST RIDE EVER :) THE BOM

Hello there, simply turned into aware of your blog thru Google, and found that it is really informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. A lot of other folks will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

To properly inspect a Gravitron is not just to check the wedges and pins. If they are breaking then the ride is not being properly inspected. The pin and wedge system is exactly what engineering calls for. Bolts snap under stress… wedges loosen. If the ride is breaking pins you have BIGGER issues… check the condition or the floor, if it is severely warped that is a reason pins will break. Tires being adjusted to high is another biggie. The top cable is the stress absorber… and YES even it can be TOO tight causing bending of the top sweeps and stress to the top pins. It’s all the difference between being the guy who plays music and checks the rides versus the guy who KNOWS the ride and sights problems BEFORE they become a safety issue.

I know Wesley personally and have worked with him… he KNOWS a Gravitron VERY well.

How much does a Gravitron weigh

Okay when i went on the gravitron is was not fun… because when me and my friends went onto the gravitron for about the 6th time we saw crying babies and sick children and some were terribly ingured one of those kids were my sister she was ejected back behind the seat and she was burned by wires and screws me and my friends couldnt turn our heads but we noticed she was missing so our (boy) cousin was goofing around and fell off and we heard a tiny voice saying “MOM HELP ME. SOMEBODY HELP ME. ” and we addmeadily thought of my sister so we saw some tiny fingers and we pulled her by her arms she was missing a shoe she had scrapes burns bruises and even scratches! so when she was in a coma for about 20 minutes we shouted at the ride operater to STOP the ride but he looked at us and didnt do anything!!so when the ride stopped 5 minutes later we saw hurt babies and hurt children with crying parents and even sick teenagers! so when we got off we addmidelty w=ran to our parents and told them what happened when my sister woke up she didnt know what was going on and she went to sleep we tryed to keep her awake so we put her in the car and crove quickly to the hospital… when we got their they said that a 8 year old girl (my sister) had the a old man’s back stucture! and that she could be cripled! so when we told my sister it was going to be okay we had a talk with Butler Amusment that night and I DONT RECCOMEND THIS RIDE WORST RIDE EVER ITS SO DANGEROUS AND NEARLY CRIPPLED MY 9 YEAR OLD SISTER. DONT GET INVOVLED WITH THIS RIDE IT SUCKS

AT SYDNEY ROYAL EASTER SHOW FOR 2012.

Hi there, I know this is an old page, but I’m interested in the costs of purchasing a gravitron for the sake of renovation. I was struck by the idea of turning a gravitron into a studio home recently and wanted to investigate the costs of doing so.

I like the ride I’ve went on it before but they keep on disappearing. I’ll miss it

Give it up Peyton

How aboutthis year we went on this starship 3000 i hadnt been on one since i was in 5th grade and im now in 8th back then i can honestly say i loved this expeirience but i dont know what happend this time i went on thinking that this ride would take me back to my elementary days but instead when the ride started i felt like i was being brought into my death bed i literaly felt like a 450 pound person was sitting on my neck i couldnt breath at all i tried waving my hands and feet to the operator but he wasnt looking i qiuckly gave it 5 more seconds untill i thought i was a goner then in a instant we started to slow down but the ride wasnt finished yet i quickly got over there before he started to speed up again luckily i made it out that day i got off of that deathship 30000 walk away and never looked back and i swore to myselfe i will never get on one of those death traps again..

I wouldnt throw my worse enemy onto this

your all idiots who say this ride is un safe I have rode this ride many many times its great fun never once seen any accidents or had any medical problems maybe only fat people have problems with this ride

Hi I am looking at creating a Model of this ride and wondering if anyone has blueprints so I can design this ride to spec’s. I have gone to youtube and they show some of the setups But would like some more info on this… Looking at making it a setup teardown single trailer model

Yea nekoneko is right. I just went on yesterday my first time ( I’m 10) I was scared at first then the ride went really fast and the lights went out and seats went up and I started laughing cuz it was so fun. When it ended i thought it was awesome. Todays the last day in Newington conecticut. The rides gonna be even more awesome because today there’s more peopl and fireworks.

Loved it. Went on many times. Want one of my own :) how fast does it go?

In the second photo it make me wonder that kid in green shirt who was upside down got kicked out and banned cause your not supposed to do that. At my fair I onced got yelled at “to get back agianst the Wall” cause hanging on the the handrail.

The best way to ride this is eat a huge meal of nasty food right before you go on, then chug a bottle of vodka. Then, you will be able to walk on the walls, and give everyone a nice chunky gift!

I was riding this once, and I felt a rumble followed by an extremely loud noise, and lots of smoke. Then, the ship lifted off the ground and we all shot up into the air. We landed, and everyone was killed except me. It was a very traumatic experience. I’m not sure if I will ride again or not.

Last time i got on it i threw up i got on the ride when i got off i was feeling like i was going to throw up but i ate a corn dog and then i threw up so now im scared to get on that RIDE GRAVITRON

Last weekend I went on the Starship ride at our local fair. I only lasted a couple of minutes. Being my 70 year old back couild not take it. The pain was unbearable. Fortunely the operator saw my signal of thumbs down sign and shut down the ride. Three quarters of the rides got off. This ride is only for the young and fit.

I used to love riding the gravitron till they got rid of it at the Miami-Dade County Youth Fair. A bolt broke allowing an outer panel to fly off along with 6 riders. It’s too bad because this ride was fun and now they’ll never bring it back to Miami and I’m not sure anyone here would like to ride it after that accident.

I rode the Starship 2000 at the GA National Fair, the other day. But I noticed that there was a Starship 2000 and a Starship 3000.Is there a difference?

I LOVE THE GRAVATRON. I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY TIMES I’VE WENT ON IT. IT IS SOOO FUN.

IT IS SOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO FUN! ITS LIKE A MAGNET BUT IT HURT MY BACK.

When some one searches for his necessary thing, so he/she wants to be available that in detail, thus that thing is maintained over here.

Hello, The first time I rode the Gravitron, I did not even know what it was, only the fact that it was the Starship, for that is what the sign proclaimed. Later after doing some research I lerned about it. This was nine years after I have ridden it. At the time I rode the unit, I was exhilarated by the sensations, for I I am very sensational and enjoy describing things never thought to be possible. When I first got on it, I felt the walls, which were slightly put at an angel, about thirty degrees from the vertical point. So when the ride started, I was surprised to feel myself lying down, as if I was in bed. Naturally I sat up, thinking it would feel different, but the sight of me sitting on a wall was too amusing, for I learned that standing on the pads is loke standing on a wall, though it is genrally forbidden. Still, I like to experiment with sensations and how it is perceived.

I first went on one of these when I was about twelve at Fun Forest Amusement Park in Seattle when my cousin introduced me to it. I thought it was so weird that time not knowing really what centrifugal force was, or what was happening to me. Now, over 100 rides later in these Gravitron rides, I still love it. I am in my mid-thirties, believe it or not and I still like to go upside down when I can get away with it. (I’ve gotten in trouble for that at least a couple of times.)

i went on the alen abduction last nigh and now i adore it

this might be dumb, but I don’t understand what happens to the ride operator in the middle. He’s not blurred during the ride meaning he’s spinning as well, but do they really spin along with every ride? I can’t figure it out.

I was obsessed with the Gravitron at Rehoboth Beach in like the summer of 2007 or 2008 but I didn’t go on it when my family and I went to the boardwalk but my 1st ride on it was at the fair with my friend! I LOVED it! It was so much fun. D

Been on the one at Texas State Fair. It was super fun. In the middle, there was some metal railing that was for riders to secure their bags/purses and what not. I thought it was so cool how during the ride as all our feet lifted off the ground, the bags were hovering in mid air as well. Really weird looking!

Love the Gravitron. I have probably been on it at least 200 times. I have probably thrown up at least half the time. But for me, that is half of the fun.

Uhm… it’s actually CENTRIPETAL force that causes the accelerations you are calling “G’s”. The wall exerts a force on the riders that acts toward the CENTER of the circle (hence “centripetal” or center-seeking force). This force from the wall causes the riders to deviate from moving in a straight line. It feels like we’re being thrown to the outside but we’re really being pushed inward by the wall. It would be nice if the author of the page would correct it so physics students could get the right information here.

I ride these every time, and I usually flip upside down, and then spend the rest of the ride texting.

I went on this ride for the first time last year at the state fair. Right before I went on I had a greasy corn dog and a warm beer. I should have known better because I hurled on this teenager in a halter top. Her boyfriend got made at me but what could I do. It’s all physics don’t you know.

I love the ride but I absolutely hate the operators (most of them anyway). Most of them take the safety guidelines waaayy too seriously. Like I understand if they at least RECOMMEND that you don’t stand or anything (I tried this once and it’s really difficult and if you don’t have strong legs or good balance you’re gonna be in a world of pain). But legit one time I got 37 kinds of shit from the op because my head was tilted forward, and another time because my body was rotated about 10 degrees from vertical! Like are you FUCKING serious. But luckily The one time I was good friends with the owner of the show (Mr. James Strates himself). And I told him what happened and basically the operator got in shit and was taken off the midway for a day. So that was a proud moment right there! But he wasn’t the only one. I am actually aspiring to eventually buy my own gravitron just so I can have the slightest bit of fucking freedom on the thing! Cause usually when I go on one at a fair there’s nothing I want to do more than smash the operator’s head in with a fucking mace! Gravitron operators are fucking OCD-stricken punks! End of story.

I don’t know the capacity of the ride guys do you guys know?

Hi there I opperated and set up the gravitron now called allien abduction for astro. I know live in South africa and want to buy one. Cause under my knowledge we sont have one here and I think its time the people here experience it. So would be nice if you could help me out … Oh and to the person said that the opperators are to full of shit with the rules. They have to be the riders live is in their hands believe me its not easy for one person to check on 30plus people at a time while spinning at that speed so try and understand their point aswell

centripetal force* not centrifugal….

I did not like this ride it was fun but it almost gave me a heart attack

This is my favorite ride of all time

Straightened my back - better than a chiropractor!

The second weekend in March, at the rattlesnake roundup in Sweetwater, TX I rode this ride with my children. First off I want to say that I have always loved thrill rides, and have rode this many times. It is an easy ride, no real thrill to me..just an interesting experience to feel so much gravity pulling on you, and it looks cool. While we were on the ride, we started to smell something, and then it started to get smokey. I knew something was not right and a couple of the teenagers started to panic. I told my kids and the kids next to me that the gears were grinding together, but not to worry..the man controlling the ride opened a hatch door which was very close to where we were standing to vent out the smoke. I was worried that if I looked scared some dumb kid or my own might try to get out through that hole. I knew as big as it was and as fast as it was going if a person jumped down they could get their head chopped off, or some similar horrific event. I just talked calmly and rationally, let them know I was the adult and the boy freaking out was an idiot who was not worth listening to. I told the kids that there was no way it will catch fire because it was metal, and we were much safer just waiting because the ride stops fast enough for the smoke to not hurt us. (not necessarily true, but it made them not as scared, I had no idea what was actually happening) As soon as the ride stopped I asked the controller what happened…he didn’t release the brakes. This has always been one of my favorite rides, but if I get on it again I might fell compelled to tell the carnie to release the brake before the ride starts. It was funny how as soon as the ride was over he was trying his best to get the kids to stay on again for a full ride, but they were laughing at him and saying yeah right! I’m sure he didn’t want anyone to find out about his mistake. Who would have thought the gravitron could be scary?

Hi there, I managed to ride the Gravitron two days ago, at the Washington County Fair in Hollsboro, Oregon. However, I didn’t know riders were not allowed to go alone. I also didn’t see any rules here as to what the requirements are for the Gravitron, so I’m wondering if it’s up to the operator who should decide what is safe or not. I should mention that I have not ridden the Gravitron since 2004, so I was very anxious when I finally found it, and when I was told I can’t go alone, even as an adult, I really felt torn apart. Was there something that the operator holding back? Did I need a spotter of some sort?

I’ve ridden the gravitron before, today I rode it again multiple times. I ate some before-hand. I wasn’t sick during the demolition derby. When I get home and try to go to sleep, I feel like I’m going to vomit, but can’t; and also I feel dizzy, I’m shaking, and I couldn’t balance normally to save my life. DON’T EAT BEFORE RIDING. Otherwise this ride is fun.

They took out the gravatron at the south florida fair after the 2013 year. they used the starship 2 0 0 0 for 2014 and this year they have the centrifuge

I need in one in Washington.

Hi, get this, I’m 39 and have never ridden one of hose. I’m totally blind and a little nervous to try it but at the same time I want too so damn bad!

Mack your a tossed mate don’t put down gravitron operator’s if you want to get seriously hurt don’t listen to the operator’s morons like you should never ever own one as your a fxxxn idiot that will kill yourself or someone else you clown I’ve operated one for years and never had accident

Hi, Arlene here. I’ve ridden the this ride since my late teens. because of my partial vision. I thought I was going into a school portable to watch some music videos. Big mistake! I found myself laying on what I thought was a bed! What turned out I and the others were taken up the wall. I told some kids I looked after that you ride this thing it puts you onto a bed then it takes you off. They thought it was funny! Since then I’ve liked this ride! the last time I rode it was in the late 90s. I don’t remember what fair it was at. I’ve never ridden the star ship. I was told it’s like the gravitron. Okay all you attendents who run this ride. Have yourselves a good laugh! Because of my partial vision I thought the operator did everything at the door! Cause when you get in. he’s at the door. When you leave he’s at the door! Oh yeah, to the dude who doesn’t like the attendents who run the ride, they got a job to do and they are responsible for everybody who’s on either the gravitron or the starship. it’s hard when you are trying to run this ride when you get riders who come in and act like a bunch of dorks! I hope I see this ride again! Just my 2 cents!

Comment 10 you realize if you weigh 225 with 4G you would weigh 900lbs and you think it was more than that?

Wow, I remember really enjoying Gravitron when I was about 12. I’m now 34 and I rode it today for the first time in 22 years.

I also now weight 323 pounds.

Let me just say, it was very uncomfortable. I have heard differing reports that the ride is either 3 g’s or 4 g’s at max speed. Either way, I effectively weighed somewhere between 969 and 1292 pounds.

Yeah. My belly was pushing up into my chest and I found it difficult to breathe.

Could definitely be a concern for middle aged men at risk for heart attack.

So… Not really recommended for people my size. WAY more intense than I remember it being from when I was 12

I need to purchase the gravitron as soon as possible. I am conducting and experiment where I remain in the gravitron for 2 months to see physical results to my body. Thank you! “Let’s make history”!

I STILL say it is a waste of space on the midway! They just all need to fly into space where all flying saucers belong. Love ya Arnie!

The ride movement can be summed up two words: centrifugal force - all 4 G’s of it pushing the standards of safe amusement ride physics. This was not the first ride to use centrifugal laws to pin its standing occupants - other prior examples include the Rotor and Roundup

Sorry to be pedantic but the above is incorrect. Its standing occupants, as rotating masses, will be exerting a centrifugal force not subject to such a force. Any decent book on physics will confirm this.

What’s your problem with my ride? Its a good ride just peoples kids dont know how to lisson to the opprater of the ride

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E-Letter Archives, Ezitoget

Category: E-Letter

What is Ezy? The medication refers to the cox-2 inhibitors medications group, providing impressive in treatment of joint inflammatory disease in children and young adults, joint damage causing pain and loss of function, acute pain following an operation, rheumatoid arthritis and rheumatic disease causing pain & stiffness in backbone. A true to the type member …

What is Ezumycin? The preparation represents the macrolides drugs group, providing impressive in elimination of infection of the middle ear by h. influenzae bacteria, prevention of mycobacterium avium complex disease, strep throat, acute maxillary sinus h. influenzae bacteria infection and mycobacterium avium bacteria infection. A true to the type representative of macrolides and analogues-type of …

What is Ezosina? The medication represents the “antiadrenergic agents, peripherally acting” preparations group, demonstrating comprehensive efficacy in treatment of enlarged prostate with urination problems and high blood pressure. A typical representative of thiadiazines-type of drugs, the remedy has been launched for sales in August, 1987 straight after a FDA approval. Since then Ezosina has rapidly …

What is Ezopta? The medication represents the h2 antagonists medicines group, boasting considerable in elimination of benign tumors of the hormone producing glands, increased stomach acid from systemic mastocytosis, heartburn, zollinger-ellison syndrome and inflammation of the esophagus with erosion. A typical member of amines-type of medicines, the preparation has become available in August, 1977 straight …

What is Ezol? The medicine belongs to the proton pump inhibitors medicines group, demonstrating impressive in elimination of stomach ulcer, condition in which stomach acid is pushed into the esophagus, zollinger-ellison syndrome, increased stomach acid from systemic mastocytosis and ulcer of the duodenum. A true to the type member of benzimidazoles-type of drugs, the preparation has …

What is Ezitoget? The medicament refers to the antihyperlipidemic combinations medicines group, standing out with considerable efficacy in elimination of high cholesterol, homozygous inherited high blood cholesterol, combined high blood cholesterol and triglyceride level and heterozygous inherited high blood cholesterol. A typical member of lactones-type of medicines, the active ingredient has been loaded to the …

What is Ezith? The medication represents the macrolides medicines group, providing impressive in elimination of pneumonia caused by the bacteria chlamydia, pneumonia caused by the bacteria moraxella catarrhalis, bacterial pneumonia caused by streptococcus pneumoniae, bacterial pneumonia caused by staphylococcus aureus and bacterial pneumonia caused by haemophilus influenzae. A typical member of macrolides and analogues-type of medicines, …

What is Ezipol? The drug belongs to the proton pump inhibitors preparations group, standing out with comprehensive efficiency in treatment of stomach ulcer, ulcer of the duodenum, inflammation of the esophagus with erosion, zollinger-ellison syndrome and condition in which stomach acid is pushed into the esophagus. A true to the type representative of benzimidazoles-type of …

What is Ezetrol? The drug represents the cholesterol absorption inhibitors medicines group, standing out with considerable efficacy in treatment of combined high blood cholesterol and triglyceride level, excess absorption of diet plant and shellfish sterols and cholesterol, homozygous inherited high blood cholesterol, heterozygous inherited high blood cholesterol and high amount of fats in the blood. …

What is Ezetimibum? The medication refers to the antihyperlipidemic combinations meds group, boasting comprehensive efficacy in elimination of heterozygous inherited high blood cholesterol, combined high blood cholesterol and triglyceride level, homozygous inherited high blood cholesterol and high cholesterol. A true to the type representative of lactones-type of medicines, the preparation has been loaded to the …

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Common Side Effects Of Diovan Hct (Valsartan And Hydrochlorothiazide) Drug Center, Co Diovan

For Patients

Last reviewed on RxList 5/22/2015

Diovan HCT (valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide) is a combination of an angiotensin receptor blocker and a diuretic used for treating hypertension (high blood pressure). A generic formulation is available. Common side effects of Diovan HCT include headaches, fatigue, dizziness, stomach pain, diarrhea, back pain, tired feeling, skin rash, stuffy nose, sore throat, or dry cough.

The recommended dose of Diovan HCT is 160/12.5 mg to 320/25 mg once daily. The hydrochlorothiazide component of Divan HCT may increase serum levels of lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may decrease the effect of Diovan HCT. Diovan HCT is contraindicated during pregnancy. Hydrochlorothiazide is excreted in breast milk.

Our Diovan HCT Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is Patient Information in Detail?

Easy-to-read and understand detailed drug information and pill images for the patient or caregiver from Cerner Multum.

Diovan HCT in Detail - Patient Information: Side Effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

In rare cases, hydrochlorothiazide and valsartan can cause a condition that results in the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, leading to kidney failure. Call your doctor right away if you have unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness especially if you also have fever, unusual tiredness, and dark colored urine.

Stop using this medication and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

eye pain, vision problems;

feeling like you might pass out;

urinating less than usual or not at all;

weakness, increased thirst, loss of appetite, vomiting, pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest;

swelling, weight gain, feeling short of breath;

jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or

dry mouth, increased thirst, drowsiness, restless feeling, confusion, increased urination, fast heart rate, fainting, or seizure (convulsions).

Less serious side effects may include:

stomach pain, diarrhea;

back pain;

headache, tired feeling, dizziness;

skin rash;

stuffy nose, sore throat; or

dry cough.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is Patient Information Overview?

A concise overview of the drug for the patient or caregiver from First DataBank.

Diovan HCT Overview - Patient Information: Side Effects

SIDE EFFECTS: Dizziness or lightheadedness may occur as your body adjusts to the medication. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

This product may cause a loss of too much body water (dehydration) and salt/minerals. Tell your doctor right away if you have any symptoms of dehydration or mineral loss, including: extreme thirst, very dry mouth, muscle cramps/weakness, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, confusion, decreased urination.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: fainting, decrease in vision, eye pain, symptoms of a high potassium blood level (such as muscle weakness, slow/irregular heartbeat), unusual change in the amount of urine (not including the normal increase in urine when you first start this drug).

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

What is Prescribing information?

The FDA package insert formatted in easy-to-find categories for health professionals and clinicians.

Diovan HCT FDA Prescribing Information: Side Effects (Adverse Reactions)

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reactions rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The adverse reaction information from clinical trials does, however, provide a basis for identifying the adverse events that appear to be related to drug use and for approximating rates.

Hypertension

Diovan HCT (valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide, USP) has been evaluated for safety in more than 5700 patients, including over 990 treated for over 6 months, and over 370 for over 1 year. Adverse experiences have generally been mild and transient in nature and have only infrequently required discontinuation of therapy. The overall incidence of adverse reactions with Diovan HCT was comparable to placebo.

The overall frequency of adverse reactions was neither dose-related nor related to gender, age, or race. In controlled clinical trials, discontinuation of therapy due to side effects was required in 2.3% of valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide patients and 3.1% of placebo patients. The most common reasons for discontinuation of therapy with Diovan HCT were headache and dizziness.

The only adverse reaction that occurred in controlled clinical trials in at least 2% of patients treated with Diovan HCT and at a higher incidence in valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide (n=4372) than placebo (n=262) patients was nasopharyngitis (2.4% vs. 1.9%).

Dose-related orthostatic effects were seen in fewer than 1% of patients. In individual trials, a dose-related increase in the incidence of dizziness was observed in patients treated with Diovan HCT.

Other adverse reactions that have been reported with valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide ( > 0.2% of valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide patients in controlled clinical trials) without regard to causality, are listed below:

Gastrointestinal: Dyspepsia. diarrhea, flatulence. dry mouth. nausea, abdominal pain, abdominal pain upper, and vomiting

General and Administration Site Conditions: Asthenia. chest pain, fatigue, peripheral edema and pyrexia

Investigations: Blood urea increased

Psychiatric: Anxiety and insomnia

Renal and Urinary: Pollakiuria

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal: Dyspnea. cough, nasal congestion, pharyngolaryngeal pain, and sinus congestion

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue: Hyperhidrosis and rash

Other reported reactions seen less frequently in clinical trials included abnormal vision, anaphylaxis. bronchospasm, constipation, depression, dehydration, decreased libido. dysuria. epistaxis. flushing, gout. increased appetite, muscle weakness, pharyngitis. pruritus. sunburn, syncope. and viral infection .

Initial Therapy-Hypertension

In a clinical study in patients with severe hypertension (diastolic blood pressure ≥ 110 mmHg and systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg), the overall pattern of adverse reactions reported through 6 weeks of follow-up was similar in patients treated with Diovan HCT as initial therapy and in patients treated with valsartan as initial therapy. Comparing the groups treated with Diovan HCT (force-titrated to 320/25 mg) and valsartan (force-titrated to 320 mg), dizziness was observed in 6% and 2% of patients, respectively. Hypotension was observed in 1% of those patients receiving Diovan HCT and 0% of patients receiving valsartan. There were no reported cases of syncope in either treatment group. Laboratory changes with Diovan HCT as initial therapy in patients with severe hypertension were similar to those reported with Diovan HCT in patients with less severe hypertension [see Clinical Studies and DRUG INTERACTIONS ].

Valsartan : In trials in which valsartan was compared to an ACE inhibitor with or without placebo, the incidence of dry cough was significantly greater in the ACE inhibitor group (7.9%) than in the groups who received valsartan (2.6%) or placebo (1.5%). In a 129-patient trial limited to patients who had had dry cough when they had previously received ACE inhibitors, the incidences of cough in patients who received valsartan, hydrochlorothiazide, or lisinopril were 20%, 19%, 69% respectively (p < 0.001).

Other reported reactions seen less frequently in clinical trials included chest pain, syncope, anorexia. vomiting, and angioedema .

Hydrochlorothiazide : Other adverse reactions not listed above that have been reported with hydrochlorothiazide, without regard to causality, are listed below:

Body As A Whole: weakness

Digestive: pancreatitis. jaundice (intrahepatic cholestatic jaundice), sialadenitis, cramping, gastric irritation

Hypersensitivity: purpura. photosensitivity. urticaria. necrotizing angiitis (vasculitis and cutaneous vasculitis), fever, respiratory distress including pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. anaphylactic reactions

Musculoskeletal: muscle spasm

Nervous System/Psychiatric: restlessness

Renal: renal failure, renal dysfunction, interstitial nephritis

Skin: erythema multiforme including Stevens-Johnson syndrome. exfoliative dermatitis including toxic epidermal necrolysis

Special Senses: transient blurred vision, xanthopsia

Clinical Laboratory Test Findings

In controlled clinical trials, clinically important changes in standard laboratory parameters were rarely associated with administration of Diovan HCT.

Creatinine/Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN): Minor elevations in creatinine and BUN occurred in 2% and 15% respectively, of patients taking Diovan HCT and 0.4% and 6% respectively, given placebo in controlled clinical trials

Hemoglobin and Hematocrit : Greater than 20% decreases in hemoglobin and hematocrit were observed in less than 0.1% of Diovan HCT patients, compared with 0% in placebo-treated patients

Liver Function Tests : Occasional elevations (greater than 150%) of liver chemistries occurred in Diovan HCT-treated patients

Neutropenia : Neutropenia was observed in 0.1% of patients treated with Diovan HCT and 0.4% of patients treated with placebo

Postmarketing Experience

The following additional adverse reactions have been reported in valsartan or valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide postmarketing experience. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Hypersensitivity: There are rare reports of angioedema. Some of these patients previously experienced angioedema with other drugs including ACE inhibitors. Diovan HCT should not be re-administered to patients who have had angioedema.

Digestive: Elevated liver enzymes and very rare reports of hepatitis

Renal: Impaired renal function

Dermatologic: Alopecia. bullous dermatitis

Nervous System: Syncope

Rare cases of rhabdomyolysis have been reported in patients receiving angiotensin II receptor blockers.

Hydrochlorothiazide

The following additional adverse reactions have been reported in postmarketing experience with hydrochlorothiazide:

Acute renal failure. renal disorder, aplastic anemia, erythema multiforme, pyrexia, muscle spasm, asthenia, acute angle-closure glaucoma, bone marrow failure, worsening of diabetes control, hypokalemia. blood lipids increased, hyponatremia. hypomagnesemia. hypercalcemia. hypochloremic alkalosis, impotence. and visual impairment.

Pathological changes in the parathyroid gland of patients with hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia have been observed in a few patients on prolonged thiazide therapy. If hypercalcemia occurs, further diagnostic evaluation is necessary.

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